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Fiona Meldrum

Professor of Inorganic Chemistry
Member of the Crystallisation and Directed Assembly group

Contact details

Room: 1.04c
Tel: +44 (0)113 3436414
Email: F.Meldrum@leeds.ac.uk

Keywords

Materials Chemistry
Crystallization
Biomineralization
Biomimetic Crystal growth
Calcium Carbonate
Self-Assembly
Templating

Photograph of Fiona Meldrum

Research interests

My research interests fall under the general category of materials chemistry, and are particularly focused on crystal growth. In this context, my group is examining routes to produce inorganic and organic crystals with defined properties including polymorph, size, morphology, organisation and mechanical properties. Within this topic there is considerable emphasis on biological crystallisation processes, and natural systems such as seashells, bones and teeth are used as an inspiration for the development of novel crystal growth strategies. These experiments also enable us to better understand natural crystal growth phenomena. A broad range of projects are carried out, employing analytical techniques including scanning and transmission electron microscopy, Raman microscopy and X-ray diffraction. A number of current projects are described below.

Controlling Crystal Morphologies
Biological crystals frequently display some amazing morphologies, such as the skeletal elements of the sea urchins which display amazing, sponge-like microstructures. These morphologies are all the more amazing when it is considered that they are also single crystals of CaCO3, the synthetic equivalent of which is a regular rhombohedron. We are attempting to understand how biology controls mineral morphologies, with the aim of applying these routes to synthetic crystal growth. A range of methods have been investigated including (i) use of additives such as block copolymers (ii) precipitation within a mould and (iii) precipitation via an amorphous precursor phase. Excellent control over crystal morphologies has been achieved, leading for example to single crystals with identical structures to sea urchin skeletal elements.

Crystals with Composite Structures
A range of strategies are being investigated to generate crystals with composite structures. Crystals of CaCO3 containing ~ 25 vol % of polystyrene particles have been prepared by growing the crystals in a one-step method in the presence of the particles and specific additives. This approach is being extended to investigate its application to a range of crystals and particles. A wide range of materials such as pigments, drugs and oils are being incorporated within CaCO3 crystals for industrial applications. These composite particles are also expected to have interesting mechanical properties.

Mechanical Properties of Biomimetic Materials
Many biominerals, despite being formed from simple minerals such as calcium carbonate and calcium phosphate, exhibit superior mechanical properties to rival many engineering materials. This behaviour is generally considered to derive from organic macromolecules occluded within the crystals, giving them a composite character, and unique structural organisation. We are currently undertaking a range of experiments to generate biomimetic inorganic/organic hybrid materials, and are investigating structure/functional relationships using techniques such as nanoindentation.

Crystallisation in Confined Volumes
How does the environment a crystal grows in affect its structure and properties? While virtually all synthetic crystallisation experiments are conducted in bulk solution, many natural phenomena such as biological crystal growth and weathering occur within small pores. We are using model porous systems to study this phenomenon and are precipitating inorganic and organic crystals within porous media such as controlled-pore glasses to investigate how the pore size and surface chemistry affect factors such as crystal polymorph and orientation.

Useful links

Further details about my research   
Leeds Centre for Crystallization   
   

Publications

De Yoreo JJ; Gilbert PU; Sommerdijk NA; Penn RL; Whitelam S; Joester D; Zhang H; Rimer JD; Navrotsky A; Banfield JF; Wallace AF; Michel FM; Meldrum FC; Cölfen H; Dove PM Crystallization by particle attachment in synthetic, biogenic, and geologic environments. Science 349 -, 2015
DOI:10.1126/science.aaa6760
View abstract

Clark JN; Clark JN; Clark JN; Ihli J; Schenk AS; Kim YY; Kulak AN; Campbell JM; Nisbet G; Meldrum FC; Robinson IK; Robinson IK Three-dimensional imaging of dislocation propagation during crystal growth and dissolution Nature Materials 14 780-784, 2015
DOI:10.1038/nmat4320
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Ihli J; Wang YW; Cantaert B; Kim YY; Green DC; Bomans PHH; Sommerdijk NAJM; Meldrum FC Precipitation of Amorphous Calcium Oxalate in Aqueous Solution Chemistry of Materials 27 3999-4007, 2015
DOI:10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b01642
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He Q; Pan L; Wang Y; Meldrum FC Bioinspired synthesis of large-pore, mesoporous hydroxyapatite nanocrystals for the controlled release of large pharmaceutics Crystal Growth and Design 15 723-731, 2015
DOI:10.1021/cg501515c
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Bawazer LA; Ihli J; Comyn TP; Critchley K; Empson CJ; Meldrum FC Genetic algorithm-guided discovery of additive combinations that direct quantum dot assembly Advanced Materials 27 223-227, 2015
DOI:10.1002/adma.201403185
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Campbell JM; Meldrum FC; Christenson HK Is ice nucleation from supercooled water insensitive to surface roughness? Journal of Physical Chemistry C 119 1164-1169, 2015
DOI:10.1021/jp5113729
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Wang Y-W; Christenson HK; Meldrum FC Confinement increases the lifetimes of hydroxyapatite precursors Chemistry of Materials 26 5830-5838, 2014
DOI:10.1021/cm501770r
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DeVol RT; Metzler RA; Kabalah-Amitai L; Pokroy B; Politi Y; Gal A; Addadi L; Weiner S; Fernandez-Martinez A; Demichelis R; Gale JD; Ihli J; Meldrum FC; Blonsky AZ; Killian CE; Salling CB; Young AT; Marcus MA; Scholl A; Doran A; Jenkins C; Bechtel HA; Gilbert PUPA Oxygen spectroscopy and polarization-dependent imaging contrast (PIC)-mapping of calcium carbonate minerals and biominerals Journal of Physical Chemistry B 118 8449-8457, 2014
DOI:10.1021/jp503700g
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Kim YY; Schenk AS; Ihli J; Kulak AN; Hetherington NB; Tang CC; Schmahl WW; Griesshaber E; Hyett G; Meldrum FC A critical analysis of calcium carbonate mesocrystals. Nature Communications 5 -, 2014
DOI:10.1038/ncomms5341
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Schenk A; Cantaert B; Kim Y-Y; Li Y; Read ES; Semsarilar M; Armes SP; Meldrum FC Systematic study of the effects of polyamines on calcium carbonate precipitation Chemistry of Materials 26 2703-2711, 2014
DOI:10.1021/cm500523w
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Kulak AN; Semsarilar M; Kim YY; Ihli J; Fielding LA; Cespedes O; Armes SP; Meldrum FC One-pot synthesis of an inorganic heterostructure: Uniform occlusion of magnetite nanoparticles within calcite single crystals Chemical Science 5 738-743, 2014
DOI:10.1039/c3sc52615a
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Bawazer LA; Bawazer LA; Newman AM; Newman AM; Newman AM; Gu Q; Ibish A; Ibish A; Ibish A; Arcila M; Cooper JB; Meldrum FC; Morse DE Efficient selection of biomineralizing DNA aptamers using deep sequencing and population clustering ACS Nano 8 387-395, 2014
DOI:10.1021/nn404448s
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Kim YY; Schenk AS; Walsh D; Kulak AN; Cespedes O; Meldrum FC Bio-inspired formation of functional calcite/metal oxide nanoparticle composites. Nanoscale 6 852-859, 2014
DOI:10.1039/c3nr05081e
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Kulak AN; Yang P; Kim YY; Armes SP; Meldrum FC Colouring crystals with inorganic nanoparticles. Chem Commun (Camb) 50 67-69, 2014
DOI:10.1039/c3cc47904h
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Schenk AS; Albarracin EJ; Kim YY; Ihli J; Meldrum FC Confinement stabilises single crystal vaterite rods. Chemical Communications 50 4729-4732, 2014
DOI:10.1039/c4cc01093k
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Ihli J; Wong WC; Noel EH; Kim YY; Kulak AN; Christenson HK; Duer MJ; Meldrum FC Dehydration and crystallization of amorphous calcium carbonate in solution and in air. Nat Commun 5 3169-, 2014
DOI:10.1038/ncomms4169
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Verch A; Côté AS; Darkins R; Kim Y-Y; Van De Locht R; Meldrum FC; Duffy DM; Kröger R Correlation between anisotropy and lattice distortions in single crystal calcite nanowires grown in confinement Small 10 2697-2702, 2014
DOI:10.1002/smll.201303839
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Cantaert B; Beniash E; Meldrum FC The role of poly(aspartic acid) in the precipitation of calcium phosphate in confinement Journal of Materials Chemistry B 1 6586-6595, 2013
DOI:10.1039/c3tb21296c
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Cantaert B; Verch A; Kim Y-Y; Ludwig H; Paunov VN; Kroeger R; Meldrum FC Formation and Structure of Calcium Carbonate Thin Films and Nanofibers Precipitated in the Presence of Poly(Allylamine Hydrochloride) and Magnesium Ions CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS 25 4994-5003, 2013
DOI:10.1021/cm403497g

Cantaert B; Beniash E; Meldrum FC Nanoscale confinement controls the crystallization of calcium phosphate: relevance to bone formation. Chemistry 19 14918-14924, 2013
DOI:10.1002/chem.201302835
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Campbell J; Meldrum FC; Christenson HK Characterization of preferred crystal nucleation sites on mica surfaces Crystal Growth and Design 13 1915-1925, 2013
DOI:10.1021/cg301715n
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Ihli J; Bots P; Kulak A; Benning LG; Meldrum FC Elucidating mechanisms of diffusion-based calcium carbonate synthesis leads to controlled mesocrystal formation Advanced Functional Materials 23 1965-1973, 2013
DOI:10.1002/adfm.201201742
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Ihli J; Kulak AN; Meldrum FC Freeze-drying yields stable and pure amorphous calcium carbonate (ACC). Chem Commun (Camb) 49 3134-3136, 2013
DOI:10.1039/c3cc40807h
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Ihli J; Kim YY; Noel EH; Meldrum FC The effect of additives on amorphous calcium carbonate (ACC): Janus behavior in solution and the solid state Advanced Functional Materials 23 1575-1585, 2013
DOI:10.1002/adfm.201201805
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Noel EH; Kim YY; Charnock JM; Meldrum FC Solid state crystallization of amorphous calcium carbonate nanoparticles leads to polymorph selectivity CrystEngComm 15 697-705, 2013
DOI:10.1039/c2ce26529j
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Kim YY; Williams D; Meldrum FC; Walsh D Simple photosystem II water oxidation centre analogues in visible light oxygen and H+ generation. Small 9 61-66, 2013
DOI:10.1002/smll.201201451
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Wang Y-W; Meldrum FC; Christenson HK Confinement Leads to Control over Calcium Sulfate Polymorph Advanced Functional Materials 10 -, 2013
DOI:10.1002/adfm.201300861
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Wang YW; Meldrum FC Additives stabilize calcium sulfate hemihydrate (bassanite) in solution Journal of Materials Chemistry 22 22055-22062, 2012
DOI:10.1039/c2jm34087a
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Schenk AS; Zope H; Kim YY; Kros A; Sommerdijk NAJM; Meldrum FC Polymer-induced liquid precursor (PILP) phases of calcium carbonate formed in the presence of synthetic acidic polypeptides - Relevance to biomineralization Faraday Discussions 159 327-344, 2012
DOI:10.1039/c2fd20063e
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Kovacs T; Meldrum FC; Christenson HK Crystal Nucleation without Supersaturation JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY LETTERS 3 1602-1606, 2012
DOI:10.1021/jz300450g

Yashina A; Meldrum F; deMello A Calcium carbonate polymorph control using droplet-based microfluidics BIOMICROFLUIDICS 6 -, 2012
DOI:10.1063/1.3683162

Cantaert B; Kim Y-Y; Ludwig H; Meldrum FC; Nudelman F; Sommerdijk NAJM Think positive: Phase separation enables a positively charged additive to induce dramatic changes in calcium carbonate morphology Advanced Functional Materials 22 907-915, 2012
DOI:10.1002/adfm.201102385
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Wang Y-W; Kim Y-Y; Stephens CJ; Meldrum FC; Stephens CJ; Christenson HK In situ study of the precipitation and crystallization of amorphous calcium carbonate (ACC) Crystal Growth and Design 12 1212-1217, 2012
DOI:10.1021/cg201204s
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Wang YW; Kim YY; Stephens CJ; Stephens CJ; Meldrum FC; Christenson HK In situ study of the precipitation and crystallization of amorphous calcium carbonate (ACC) Crystal Growth and Design 12 1212-1217, 2012
DOI:10.1021/cg201204s
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Cantaert B; Kim YY; Ludwig H; Nudelman F; Sommerdijk NAJM; Meldrum FC Think positive: Phase separation enables a positively charged additive to induce dramatic changes in calcium carbonate morphology Advanced Functional Materials 22 907-915, 2012
DOI:10.1002/adfm.201102385
View abstract

Seto J; Seto J; Ma Y; Ma Y; Davis SA; Meldrum F; Gourrier A; Gourrier A; Kim YY; Schilde U; Sztucki M; Burghammer M; Maltsev S; Jäger C; Cölfen H; Cölfen H Structure-property relationships of a biological mesocrystal in the adult sea urchin spine Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 109 3699-3704, 2012
DOI:10.1073/pnas.1109243109
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Schenk AS; Kim Y-Y; Kulak AN; Meldrum FC Impurities in pluronic triblock copolymers can induce the formation of calcite mesocrystals Chemical Geology 294-295 259-262, 2012
DOI:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2011.12.007
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Schenk AS; Kim YY; Kulak AN; Meldrum FC Impurities in pluronic triblock copolymers can induce the formation of calcite mesocrystals Chemical Geology 294-295 259-262, 2012
DOI:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2011.12.007
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Holbrough JL; Campbell JM; Meldrum FC; Christenson HK Topographical Control of Crystal Nucleation CRYSTAL GROWTH&DESIGN 12 750-755, 2012
DOI:10.1021/cg201084j

McNally CS; Turner DP; Kulak AN; Meldrum FC; Hyett G The use of cationic surfactants to control the structure of zinc oxide films prepared by chemical vapour deposition. Chem Commun (Camb) 48 1490-1492, 2012
DOI:10.1039/c2cc14468a
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Lenders JJM; Dey A; Bomans PHH; Spielmann J; Hendrix MMRM; De With G; Meldrum FC; Harder S; Sommerdijk NAJM High-magnesian calcite mesocrystals: A coordination chemistry approach Journal of the American Chemical Society 134 1367-1373, 2012
DOI:10.1021/ja210791p
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Wang YW; Kim YY; Christenson HK; Meldrum FC A new precipitation pathway for calcium sulfate dihydrate (gypsum) via amorphous and hemihydrate intermediates. Chem Commun (Camb) 48 504-506, 2012
DOI:10.1039/c1cc14210k
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Kim YY; Hetherington NB; Noel EH; Kröger R; Charnock JM; Christenson HK; Meldrum FC Capillarity creates single-crystal calcite nanowires from amorphous calcium carbonate. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 50 12572-12577, 2011
DOI:10.1002/anie.201104407
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Kim YY; Ganesan K; Yang P; Kulak AN; Borukhin S; Pechook S; Ribeiro L; Kröger R; Eichhorn SJ; Armes SP; Pokroy B; Meldrum FC An artificial biomineral formed by incorporation of copolymer micelles in calcite crystals. Nat Mater 10 890-896, 2011
DOI:10.1038/nmat3103
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Walsh D; Kim YY; Miyamoto A; Meldrum FC Synthesis of Macroporous Calcium Carbonate/Magnetite Nanocomposites and their Application in Photocatalytic Water Splitting SMALL 7 2168-2172, 2011
DOI:10.1002/smll.201100268

Stephens CJ; Kim YY; Evans SD; Meldrum FC; Christenson HK Early stages of crystallization of calcium carbonate revealed in picoliter droplets. J Am Chem Soc 133 5210-5213, 2011
DOI:10.1021/ja200309m
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Neudeck C; Kim Y-Y; Ogasawara W; Shida Y; Meldrum F; Walsh D General Route to Functional Metal Oxide Nanosuspensions, Enzymatically Deshelled Nanoparticles, and Their Application in Photocatalytic Water Splitting SMALL 7 869-873, 2011
DOI:10.1002/smll.201002141

Hetherington NBJ; Kulak AN; Kim YY; Noel EH; Snoswell D; Butler M; Meldrum FC Porous Single Crystals of Calcite from Colloidal Crystal Templates: ACC Is Not Required for Nanoscale Templating ADV FUNCT MATER 21 948-954, 2011
DOI:10.1002/adfm.201001366

Kim YY; Meldrum FC; Walsh D Biopolymer stabilized nanoparticles as co-catalysts for photocatalytic water oxidations POLYM CHEM-UK 2 1375-1379, 2011
DOI:10.1039/c1py00037c

Kim Y-Y; Ganesan K; Yang P; Kulak AN; Borukhin S; Pechook S; Ribeiro L; Kröger R; Eichhorn SJ; Armes SP; Pokroy B; Meldrum FC An artificial biomineral formed by incorporation of copolymer micelles in calcite crystals Nature Materials -, 2011

Meldrum FC; Cölfen H Editorial: Crystallization and formation mechanisms of nanostructures Nanoscale 2 2326-2327, 2010
DOI:10.1039/c0nr90029j

Meldrum FC; Ristic RI Virtual Special Issue on British Association for Crystal Growth 40th Anniversary Conference 2009 CRYST GROWTH DES 10 4203-4205, 2010
DOI:10.1021/cg1010727

Stephens CJ; Ladden SF; Meldrum FC; Christenson HK Amorphous Calcium Carbonate is Stabilized in Confinement ADV FUNCT MATER 20 2108-2115, 2010
DOI:10.1002/adfm.201000248

Kim YY; Ribeiro L; Maillot F; Ward O; Eichhorn SJ; Meldrum FC Bio-inspired synthesis and mechanical properties of calcite-polymer particle composites. Adv Mater 22 2082-2086, 2010
DOI:10.1002/adma.200903743

Stephens CJ; Mouhamad Y; Meldrum FC; Christenson HK Epitaxy of Calcite on Mica CRYST GROWTH DES 10 734-738, 2010
DOI:10.1021/cg901130a

Meldrum FC; Colfen H Crystallization and formation mechanisms of nanostructures NANOSCALE 2 2326-2327, 2010
DOI:10.1039/c0nr90029j

Finnemore AS; Scherer MRJ; Langford R; Mahajan S; Ludwigs S; Meldrum FC; Steiner U Nanostructured Calcite Single Crystals with Gyroid Morphologies ADV MATER 21 3928-+, 2009
DOI:10.1002/adma.200900615

Kim YY; Kulak AN; Li Y; Batten T; Kuball M; Armes SP; Meldrum FC Substrate-directed formation of calcium carbonate fibres Journal of Materials Chemistry 19 387-398, 2009
DOI:10.1039/b813101e
View abstract

Meldrum FC; Sear RP Materials science. Now you see them. Science 322 1802-1803, 2008
DOI:10.1126/science.1167221

Meldrum FC; Cölfen H Controlling mineral morphologies and structures in biological and synthetic systems. Chem Rev 108 4332-4432, 2008
DOI:10.1021/cr8002856

Roberts ZE; Meldrum FC; Pancost RD The archaeal lipid composition of partially lithified cold seep mats Organic Geochemistry 39 1000-1006, 2008
DOI:10.1016/j.orggeochem.2008.03.020
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Meldrum F "Bio-Casting": Biomineralized Skeletons as Templates for Macroporous Structures, 2008
DOI:10.1002/9783527619443.ch39
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Lam RSK; Charnock JM; Lennie A; Meldrum FC Synthesis-dependant structural variations in amorphous calcium carbonate CrystEngComm 9 1226-1236, 2007
DOI:10.1039/b710895h
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Lai M; Kulak AN; Law D; Zhang Z; Meldrum FC; Riley DJ Profiting from nature: Macroporous copper with superior mechanical properties Chemical Communications 3547-3549, 2007
DOI:10.1039/b707469g
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Kulak AN; Iddon P; Li Y; Armes SP; Cölfen H; Paris O; Wilson RM; Meldrum FC Continuous structural evolution of calcium carbonate particles: A unifying model of copolymer-mediated crystallization Journal of the American Chemical Society 129 3729-3736, 2007
DOI:10.1021/ja067422e
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Wucher B; Yue W; Kulak AN; Meldrum FC Designer crystals: Single crystals with complex morphologies Chemistry of Materials 19 1111-1119, 2007
DOI:10.1021/cm0620640
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Meldrum FC; Ludwigs S Template-directed control of crystal morphologies. Macromol Biosci 7 152-162, 2007
DOI:10.1002/mabi.200600191
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Holt B; Lam R; Meldrum FC; Stoyanov SD; Paunov VN Anisotropic nano-papier mache microcapsules Soft Matter 3 188-190, 2007
DOI:10.1039/b615224d
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Ludwigs S; Steiner U; Kulak AN; Lam R; Meldrum FC Bioinspired polymer-inorganic hybrid materials Advanced Materials 18 2270-2273, 2006
DOI:10.1002/adma.200600091
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Yue W; Park RJ; Kulak AN; Meldrum FC Macroporous inorganic solids from a biomineral template Journal of Crystal Growth 294 69-77, 2006
DOI:10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2006.05.028
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Yue W; Kulak AN; Meldrum FC Growth of single crystals in structured templates Journal of Materials Chemistry 16 408-416, 2006
DOI:10.1039/b513802g
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Hetherington NBJ; Kulak AN; Sheard K; Meldrum FC Crystallization on surfaces of well-denned topography Langmuir 22 1955-1958, 2006
DOI:10.1021/la0523356
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Meldrum FC Biomineralisation processes, 2005
DOI:10.1533/9781845690809.4.666

Herfort L; Loste E; Meldrum F; Thake B Structural and physiological effects of calcium and magnesium in Emiliania huxleyi (Lohmann) Hay and Mohler JOURNAL OF STRUCTURAL BIOLOGY 148 307-314, 2004
DOI:10.1016/j.jsb.2004.07.005

Loste E; Park RJ; Warren J; Meldrum FC; Meldrum FC Precipitation of calcium carbonate in confinement Advanced Functional Materials 14 1211-1220, 2004
DOI:10.1002/adfm.200400268
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Park RJ; Meldrum FC Shape-constraint as a route to calcite single crystals with complex morphologies Journal of Materials Chemistry 14 2291-2296, 2004
DOI:10.1039/b401594k
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Meldrum FC Calcium carbonate in biomineralisation and biomimetic chemistry INTERNATIONAL MATERIALS REVIEWS 48 187-224, 2003
DOI:10.1179/095066003225005836

Loste E; Diaz-Marti E; Zarbakhsh A; Meldrum FC Study of calcium carbonate precipitation under a series of fatty acid Langmuir monolayers using brewster angle microscopy LANGMUIR 19 2830-2837, 2003
DOI:10.1021/la026837k

Kohonen MM; Meldrum FC; Christenson HK Particles on melt-cut mica sheets are platinum LANGMUIR 19 975-976, 2003
DOI:10.1021/la026520k

Loste E; Wilson RM; Seshadri R; Meldrum FC The role of magnesium in stabilising amorphous calcium carbonate and controlling calcite morphologies Journal of Crystal Growth 254 206-218, 2003
DOI:10.1016/s0022-0248(03)01153-9
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Park RJ; Meldrum FC Synthesis of single crystals of calcite with complex morphologies ADVANCED MATERIALS 14 1167-1169, 2002
DOI:10.1002/1521-4095(20020816)14:16<1167::AID-ADMA1167>3.0.CO;2-X

Robinson KL; Weaver JVM; Armes SP; Marti ED; Meldrum FC Synthesis of controlled-structure sulfate-based copolymers via atom transfer radical polymerisation and their use as crystal habit modifiers for BaSO4 Journal of Materials Chemistry 12 890-896, 2002
DOI:10.1039/b200348c
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Meldrum FC; Hyde ST Morphological influence of magnesium and organic additives on the precipitation of calcite JOURNAL OF CRYSTAL GROWTH 231 544-558, 2001
DOI:10.1016/S0022-0248(01)01519-6

Rolandi M; Scott K; Wilson EG; Meldrum FC Manipulation and immobilization of alkane-coated gold nanocrystals using scanning tunneling microscopy JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS 89 1588-1595, 2001
DOI:10.1063/1.1334919

Loste E; Meldrum FC Control of calcium carbonate morphology by transformation of an amorphous precursor in a constrained volume CHEMICAL COMMUNICATIONS 901-902, 2001
DOI:10.1039/b101563j

Gautam UK; Rajamathi M; Meldrum F; Morgan PED; Seshadri R A solvothermal route to capped CdSe nanoparticles CHEMICAL COMMUNICATIONS 629-630, 2001
DOI:10.1039/b009394g

Thimmaiah S; Rajamathi M; Singh N; Bera P; Meldrum F; Chandrasekhar N; Seshadri R A solvothermal route to capped nanoparticles of gamma-Fe2O3 and CoFe2O4 JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY 11 3215-3221, 2001
DOI:10.1039/b104070g

Seshadri R; Meldrum FC Bioskeletons as templates for ordered, macroporous structures ADVANCED MATERIALS 12 1149-+, 2000
DOI:10.1002/1521-4095(200008)12:15<1149::AID-ADMA1149>3.3.CO;2-Y

Meldrum FC; Seshadri R Porous gold structures through templating by echinoid skeletal plates CHEMICAL COMMUNICATIONS 29-30, 2000
DOI:10.1039/a907074e

Meldrum FC; Flath J; Knoll W Formation of patterned PbS and ZnS films on self-assembled monolayers THIN SOLID FILMS 348 188-195, 1999
DOI:10.1016/S0040-6090(99)00044-9

Meldrum FC; Flath J; Knoll W Chemical deposition of PbS on a series of omega-functionalised self-assembled monolayers JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY 9 711-723, 1999
DOI:10.1039/a807100d

Flath J; Meldrum FC; Knoll W Nucleation and growth of semiconductor particles on self-assembled monolayers by chemical solution deposition Thin Solid Films 327 506-509, 1998
DOI:10.1016/s0040-6090(98)00698-1
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Meldrum FC; Flath J; Knoll W Chemical deposition of PbS on self-assembled monolayers of 16-mercaptohexadecanoic acid Langmuir 13 2033-2049, 1997
DOI:10.1021/la9608369
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Meldrum FC; Heywood BR; Dickson DPE; Mann S IRON BIOMINERALIZATION IN THE PORIFERAN IRCINIA-OROS Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 75 993-996, 1995
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Meldrum FC; Douglas T; Levi S; Arosio P; Mann S RECONSTITUTION OF MANGANESE OXIDE CORES IN HORSE SPLEEN AND RECOMBINANT FERRITINS Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry 58 59-68, 1995
DOI:10.1016/0162-0134(94)00037-b
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Meldrum FC; Kotov NA; Fendler JH Mono- and multiparticulate Langmuir-Blodgett films prepared from surfactant-stabilized silver particles Materials Science&Engineering C-Biomimetic Materials Sensors and Systems 3 149-152, 1995
DOI:10.1016/0928-4931(95)00120-4
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Meldrum FC; Kotov NA; Fendler JH FORMATION OF THIN-FILMS OF PLATINUM, PALLADIUM, AND MIXED PLATINUM/PALLADIUN NANOCRYSTALLITES BY THE LANGMUIR MONOLAYER TECHNIQUE Chemistry of Materials 7 1112-1116, 1995
DOI:10.1021/cm00054a010
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Meldrum FC; Kotov NA; Fendler JH ULTRA-THIN PARTICULATE FILMS PREPARED FROM CAPPED AND UNCAPPED REVERSE-MICELLE-ENTRAPPED SILVER PARTICLES Journal of the Chemical Society-Faraday Transactions 91 673-680, 1995
DOI:10.1039/ft9959100673
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Yang JP; Meldrum FC; Fendler JH EPITAXIAL-GROWTH OF SIZE-QUANTIZED CADMIUM-SULFIDE CRYSTALS UNDER ARACHIDIC ACID MONOLAYERS Journal of Physical Chemistry 99 5500-5504, 1995
DOI:10.1021/j100015a037
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Yi KC; Mendieta VS; Castanares RL; Meldrum FC; Wu CJ; Fendler JH GOLD PARTICULATE FILM FORMATION UNDER MONOLAYERS Journal of Physical Chemistry 99 9869-9875, 1995
DOI:10.1021/j100024a031
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Fendler JH; Meldrum FC THE COLLOID-CHEMICAL APPROACH TO NANOSTRUCTURED MATERIALS Advanced Materials 7 607-632, 1995
DOI:10.1002/adma.19950070703
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Meldrum FC; Kotov NA; Fendler JH UTILIZATION OF SURFACTANT-STABILIZED COLLOIDAL SILVER NANOCRYSTALLITES IN THE CONSTRUCTION OF MONOPARTICULATE AND MULTIPARTICULATE LANGMUIR-BLODGETT-FILMS Langmuir 10 2035-2040, 1994
DOI:10.1021/la00019a001
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Meldrum FC; Kotov NA; Fendler JH PREPARATION OF PARTICULATE MONOLALYERS AND MULTILAYERS FROM SURFACTANT-STABILIZED, NANOSIZED MAGNETITE CRYSTALLITES Journal of Physical Chemistry 98 4506-4510, 1994
DOI:10.1021/j100068a006
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Kotov NA; Meldrum FC; Fendler JH MONOPARTICULATE LAYERS OF TITANIUM-DIOXIDE NANOCRYSTALLITES WITH CONTROLLABLE INTERPARTICLE DISTANCES Journal of Physical Chemistry 98 8827-8830, 1994
DOI:10.1021/j100087a002
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Kotov NA; Meldrum FC; Fendler JH; Tombacz E; Dekany I SPREADING OF CLAY ORGANOCOMPLEXES ON AQUEOUS-SOLUTIONS - CONSTRUCTION OF LANGMUIR-BLODGETT CLAY ORGANOCOMPLEX MULTILAYER FILMS Langmuir 10 3797-3804, 1994
DOI:10.1021/la00022a066
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Kotov NA; Meldrum FC; Wu C; Fendler JH MONOPARTICULATE LAYER AND LANGMUIR-BLODGETT-TYPE MULTIPARTICULATE LAYERS OF SIZE-QUANTIZED CADMIUM-SULFIDE CLUSTERS - A COLLOID-CHEMICAL APPROACH TO SUPERLATTICE CONSTRUCTION Journal of Physical Chemistry 98 2735-2738, 1994
DOI:10.1021/j100062a006
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Kotov NA; Zaniquelli MED; Meldrum FC; Fendler JH 2-DIMENSIONAL SILVER ELECTROCRYSTALLIZATION UNDER MONOLAYERS SPREAD ON AQUEOUS SILVER-NITRATE Langmuir 9 3710-3716, 1993
DOI:10.1021/la00036a057
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Mackle P; Charnock JM; Garner CD; Meldrum FC; Mann S CHARACTERIZATION OF THE MANGANESE CORE OF RECONSTITUTED FERRITIN BY X-RAY-ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY Journal of the American Chemical Society 115 8471-8472, 1993
DOI:10.1021/ja00071a076

Mann S; Archibald DD; Didymus JM; Douglas T; Heywood BR; Meldrum FC; Reeves NJ CRYSTALLIZATION AT INORGANIC-ORGANIC INTERFACES - BIOMINERALS AND BIOMIMETIC SYNTHESIS Science 261 1286-1292, 1993
DOI:10.1126/science.261.5126.1286
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Hudson AJ; Andrews SC; Hawkins C; Williams JM; Izuhara M; Meldrum FC; Mann S; Harrison PM; Guest JR OVERPRODUCTION, PURIFICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF THE ESCHERICHIA-COLI FERRITIN European Journal of Biochemistry 218 985-995, 1993
DOI:10.1111/j.1432-1033.1993.tb18457.x
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Meldrum FC; Heywood BR; Mann S INFLUENCE OF MEMBRANE-COMPOSITION ON THE INTRAVESICULAR PRECIPITATION OF NANOPHASE GOLD PARTICLES Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 161 66-71, 1993
DOI:10.1006/jcis.1993.1442

Meldrum FC; Mann S; Heywood BR; Frankel RB; Bazylinski DA ELECTRON-MICROSCOPY STUDY OF MAGNETOSOMES IN A CULTURED COCCOID MAGNETOTACTIC BACTERIUM Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 251 231-236, 1993
DOI:10.1098/rspb.1993.0034
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Meldrum FC; Mann S; Heywood BR; Frankel RB; Bazylinski DA ELECTRON-MICROSCOPY STUDY OF MAGNETOSOMES IN 2 CULTURED VIBRIOID MAGNETOTACTIC BACTERIA Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 251 237-242, 1993
DOI:10.1098/rspb.1993.0035
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Meldrum FC CORRECTION Science 257 729-729, 1992

Meldrum FC; Heywood BR; Mann S MAGNETOFERRITIN - INVITRO SYNTHESIS OF A NOVEL MAGNETIC PROTEIN Science 257 522-523, 1992
DOI:10.1126/science.1636086
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Mann S; Archibald DD; Didymus JM; Heywood BR; Meldrum FC; Wade VJ BIOMINERALIZATION - BIOMIMETIC POTENTIAL AT THE INORGANIC-ORGANIC INTERFACE Mrs Bulletin 17 32-36, 1992

Mann S; Meldrum FC CONTROLLED SYNTHESIS OF INORGANIC MATERIALS USING SUPRAMOLECULAR ASSEMBLIES Advanced Materials 3 316-318, 1991
DOI:10.1002/adma.19910030611
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Meldrum FC; Wade VJ; Nimmo DL; Heywood BR; Mann S SYNTHESIS OF INORGANIC NANOPHASE MATERIALS IN SUPRAMOLECULAR PROTEIN CAGES Nature 349 684-687, 1991
DOI:10.1038/349684a0
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Clark JN; Ihli J; Schenk AS; Kim YY; Kulak AN; Campbell JM; Nisbet G; Meldrum FC; Robinson IK Three-dimensional imaging of dislocation propagation during crystal growth and dissolution Nature Materials -,
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