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Michaele Hardie

Professor of Supramolecular Chemistry
Member of the Crystallisation and Directed Assembly group

Contact details

Room: 1.26a
Tel: +44 (0)113 3436458


Supramolecular Chemistry
Metallo-supramolecular assemblies
Crystal Engineering
Synthesis of molecular hosts
X-Ray Crystallography

Photograph of Michaele Hardie

Research interests

Research interests are in the area of metallo-supramolecular chemistry. We are particularly interested in the self-assembly of discrete nano-scale metallo-supramolecular cages, and in coordination polymers. Discrete cages often have polyhedral or prismatic structures and tend to feature significant internal space. Hence such assemblies may have potential applications as nano-scale reaction vessels. Coordination polymers are crystalline metal-ligand systems with infinite structures such as chains, helices, grids and 3D lattices. These materials may be useful for a number of applications, including molecular separations, catalysis and molecular storage.

Many of our efforts have been based around the molecular host cyclotriveratrylene, which has a pyramidal shape and shallow molecular cavity capable of forming host-guest interactions. We have been appending N-donor ligand functionality to these pyramidal host molecules in order to incorporate them into discrete assemblies and/or coordination polymers. The discrete nano-scale metallo-supramolecular cages thus formed have unusual star-burst or stellated aspects to their structures. We are also developing the idea of host-guest control, where interactions between the host and simple guest molecules manipulate the overall self-assembly outcomes. Other crystal engineering projects are investigating the organisation discrete coordination complexes in the solid state by use of additional functionality such as hydrogen bonding groups or additional ligand sites.

All projects include synthetic organic and coordination chemistry, supramolecular chemistry, the use of standard spectroscopic techniques, and feature single crystal X-ray crystallography as a major characterisation method.

Useful links

Research (MS Word)   
Full bibliography (MS Word)   


Thorp-Greenwood FL, Brennan AD, Oldknow S, Henkelis JJ, Simmons KJ, Fishwick CWG, Hardie MJ Tris-N-alkylpyridinium-functionalised cyclotriguaiacylene hosts as axles in branched [4]pseudorotaxane formation Supramolecular Chemistry 29 430-440, 2017
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Pritchard VE, Rota Martir D, Oldknow S, Kai S, Hiraoka S, Cookson NJ, Zysman-Colman E, Hardie MJ Homochiral Self-Sorted and Emissive IrIIIMetallo-Cryptophanes Chemistry - A European Journal 23 6290-6294, 2017
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Pritchard VE, RotaMartir D, Zysman-Colman E, Hardie MJ Multimetallic and Mixed Environment Iridium(III) Complexes: A Modular Approach to Luminescence Tuning Using a Host Platform Chemistry - A European Journal -, 2017
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Fowler JM, Thorp-Greenwood FL, Warriner SL, Willans CE, Hardie MJ M12L8 metallo-supramolecular cube with cyclotriguaiacylene-type ligand: spontaneous resolution of cube and its constituent host ligand Chemical Communications 52 8699-8702, 2016
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Thorp-Greenwood FL, Pritchard VE, Coogan MP, Hardie MJ Tris(rhenium fac-tricarbonyl) Polypyridine Functionalized Cyclotriguaiacylene Ligands with Rich and Varied Emission Organometallics 35 1632-1642, 2016
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Hardie M, Pritchard V, Thorp-Greenwood F, Coogan M Data to support study of synthesis and characterisation of rhenium tricarbonyl polypyridine-functionalised cyclotriguaiacyclene ligands., 2016

Hardie M, Fowler J, Thorp-Greenwood F, Willans C, Warriner S M12L8 metallo-supramolecular cube with cyclotriguaiacylene-type ligand: spontaneous resolution of cube and its constituent host ligand., 2016

Hardie MJ Self-assembled cages and capsules using cyclotriveratrylene-type scaffolds Chemistry Letters 45 1336-1346, 2016
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Henkelis JJ, Hardie MJ Controlling the assembly of cyclotriveratrylene-derived coordination cages Chemical Communications 51 11929-11943, 2015
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Thorp-Greenwood FL, Kulak AN, Hardie MJ An infinite chainmail of M<inf>6</inf>L<inf>6</inf> metallacycles featuring multiple Borromean links Nature Chemistry 7 526-531, 2015
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Thorp-Greenwood FL, Ronson TK, Hardie MJ Copper coordination polymers from cavitand ligands: Hierarchical spaces from cage and capsule motifs, and other topologies Chemical Science 6 5779-5792, 2015
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Loughrey JJ, Patmore NJ, Baldansuren A, Fielding AJ, McInnes EJL, Hardie MJ, Sproules S, Halcrow MA Platinum(II) complexes of mixed-valent radicals derived from cyclotricatechylene, a macrocyclic tris-dioxolene Chemical Science 6 6935-6948, 2015
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Thorp-Greenwood FL, Kulak AN, Hardie MJ Three-dimensional silver-dabco coordination polymers with zeolitic or three-connected topology Crystal Growth and Design 14 5361-5365, 2014
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Henkelis JJ, Carruthers CJ, Chambers SE, Clowes R, Cooper AI, Fisher J, Hardie MJ Metallo-cryptophanes decorated with Bis-N-heterocyclic carbene ligands: self-assembly and guest uptake into a nonporous crystalline lattice Journal of the American Chemical Society 136 14393-14396, 2014
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Henkelis JJ, Hardie MJ Tuning the coordination chemistry of cyclotriveratrylene ligand pairs through alkyl chain aggregation CrystEngComm 16 8138-8146, 2014
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Hardie MJ, Braga D International Year of Crystallography Celebration: Europe and South Africa CrystEngComm 16 8093-, 2014

Loughrey JJ, Sproules S, McInnes EJL, Hardie MJ, Halcrow MA Stable mixed-valent radicals from platinum(II) complexes of a bis(dioxolene) ligand. Chemistry 20 6272-6276, 2014
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Henkelis JJ, Ronson TK, Hardie MJ Lanthanide coordination polymers with pyridyl-N-oxide or carboxylate functionalised host ligands CrystEngComm 16 3688-3693, 2014
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Cookson NJ, Henkelis JJ, Ansell RJ, Fishwick CWG, Hardie MJ, Fisher J Encapsulation of sodium alkyl sulfates by the cyclotriveratrylene-based, [Pd(6)L(8)](12+) stella octangula cage. Dalton Trans 43 5657-5661, 2014
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Henkelis JJ, Fisher J, Warriner SL, Hardie MJ Solvent-dependent self-assembly behaviour and speciation control of Pd6L8 metallo-supramolecular cages. Chemistry 20 4117-4125, 2014
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Little MA, Loughrey JJ, Santoro A, Halcrow MA, Hardie MJ Hexasulfanyl analogues of cyclotriveratrylene Tetrahedron Letters -, 2014
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Cross JM, Fennessy RV, Harding LP, Rice CR, Hardie MJ, Slater C Self-assembly of a heteroleptic one-dimensional chain comprising different dinuclear meso-helicates in the solid-state Chemical Communications 49 11290-11292, 2013
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Loughrey JJ, Sproules SJ, McInnes EJL, Hardie MJ, Halcrow MA Synthesis and electronic structures of new bis- and tris-dioxolene complexes, and their delocalized mixed-valent redox products ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY 246 , 2013

Cunha-Silva L, Carr MJ, Kennedy JD, Hardie MJ Silver-dabco coordination networks with distinct carbaborane anions: Investigating Ag⋯H-B and Ag⋯I-B interactions Crystal Growth and Design 13 3162-3170, 2013
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Murphy NS, Prabhakaran P, Azzarito V, Plante JP, Hardie MJ, Kilner CA, Warriner SL, Wilson AJ Solid-phase methodology for synthesis of O-alkylated aromatic oligoamide inhibitors ofα-helix-mediated protein-protein interactions. Chemistry 19 5546-5550, 2013
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Little MA, Halcrow MA, Hardie MJ A bis(disulfide)-linked offset cryptophane. Chem Commun (Camb) 49 1512-1514, 2013
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Henkelis JJ, Barnett SA, Harding LP, Hardie MJ Coordination polymers utilizing N-oxide functionalized host ligands. Inorg Chem 51 10657-10674, 2012
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Azzarito V, Prabhakaran P, Bartlett AI, Murphy NS, Hardie MJ, Kilner CA, Edwards TA, Warriner SL, Wilson AJ 2-O-alkylated para-benzamideα-helix mimetics: the role of scaffold curvature. Org Biomol Chem 10 6469-6472, 2012
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Prabhakaran P, Azzarito V, Jacobs T, Hardie MJ, Kilner CA, Edwards TA, Warriner SL, Wilson AJ Conformational properties of O-alkylated benzamides Tetrahedron 68 4485-4491, 2012
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Jacobs T, Clowes R, Cooper AI, Hardie MJ A chiral, self-catenating and porous metal-organic framework and its post-synthetic metal uptake. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 51 5192-5195, 2012

Cunha-Silva L, Hardie MJ Exploring Ag⋯H-B interactions in coordination polymers: Silver-alkanedinitrile networks with cobalt carbaborane anions CrystEngComm 14 3367-3372, 2012
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Rigby N, Jacobs T, Reddy JP, Hardie MJ Metal complexes of 2,2′-bipyridine-4,4′-diamine as metallo-tectons for hydrogen bonded networks Crystal Growth and Design 12 1871-1881, 2012
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Little MA, Donkin J, Fisher J, Halcrow MA, Loder J, Hardie MJ Synthesis and methane-binding properties of disulfide-linked cryptophane-0.0.0. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 51 764-766, 2012

Jacobs T, Hardie MJ Construction of metal-organic frameworks: versatile behaviour of a ligand containing mono- and bidentate coordination sites. Chemistry 18 267-276, 2012
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Loughrey JJ, Kilner CA, Hardie MJ, Halcrow MA Six new crystalline clathrates of cyclotricatechylene (CTC) including two donor-acceptor complexes Supramolecular Chemistry 24 2-13, 2012
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Cunha-Silva L, Hardie MJ Exploring Ag center dot center dot center dot H-B interactions in coordination polymers: silver-alkanedinitrile networks with cobalt carbaborane anions CRYSTENGCOMM 14 3367-3372, 2012

Hardie MJ Interlocked molecules: One-pot pentaknot. Nat Chem 4 7-8, 2011

Little MA, Ronson TK, Hardie MJ New coordination polymers with extended arm cyclotriguaiacyclene ligands: 1D chains, and interpenetrating or polycatenating 2D (4(2).6(2))(4.6(2))2 networks. Dalton Trans 40 12217-12227, 2011
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Hardie MJ Self-Assembled Cages with Cyclotriveratrylene-Type Host Molecules ISR J CHEM 51 807-816, 2011

Henkelis JJ, Ronson TK, Harding LP, Hardie MJ M3L2 metallo-cryptophanes: [2]catenane and simple cages. Chem Commun (Camb) 47 6560-6562, 2011
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Ronson TK, Nowell H, Westcott A, Hardie MJ Bow-tie metallo-cryptophanes from a carboxylate derived cavitand. Chem Commun (Camb) 47 176-178, 2011
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Prabhakaran P, Azzarito V, Jacobs T, Hardie MJ, Kilner CA, Edwards TA, Warriner SL, Wilson AJ Conformational properties of O-alkylated benzamides Tetrahedron -, 2011

Little MA, Halcrow MA, Harding LP, Hardie MJ Ag(I) organometallic coordination polymers and capsule with tris-allyl cyclotriveratrylene derivatives. Inorg Chem 49 9486-9496, 2010
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Hardie MJ Recent advances in the chemistry of cyclotriveratrylene. Chem Soc Rev 39 516-527, 2010
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Ronson TK, Carruthers C, Fisher J, Brotin T, Harding LP, Rizkallah PJ, Hardie MJ Tripodal 4-pyridyl-derived host ligands and their metallo-supramolecular chemistry: stella octangula and bowl-shaped assemblies. Inorg Chem 49 675-685, 2010
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Carruthers C, Fisher J, Harding LP, Hardie MJ Host-guest influence on metallo-supramolecular assemblies with a cyclotriveratrylene-type ligand. Dalton Trans 355-357, 2010
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Ronson TK, Fisher J, Harding LP, Rizkallah PJ, Warren JE, Hardie MJ Stellated polyhedral assembly of a topologically complicated Pd4L4 'Solomon cube' NAT CHEM 1 212-216, 2009

Tidmarsh IS, Taylor BF, Hardie MJ, Russo L, Clegg W, Ward MD Further investigations into tetrahedral M4L6 cage complexes containing guest anions: new structures and NMR spectroscopic studies NEW J CHEM 33 366-375, 2009

Cunha-Silva L, Shi FN, Paz FAA, Hardie MJ, Klinowski J, Trindade T, Rocha J Supramolecular salts containing the anionic [Ge(C2O4)(3)](2-) complex and heteroaromatic amines INORG CHIM ACTA 362 263-270, 2009

Westcott A, Sumby CJ, Walshaw RD, Hardie MJ Metallo-gels and organo-gels with tripodal cyclotriveratrylene-type and 1,3,5-substituted benzene-type ligands NEW J CHEM 33 902-912, 2009

Westcott A, Fisher J, Harding LP, Rizkallah P, Hardie MJ Self-assembly of a 3-D triply interlocked chiral [2]catenane. J Am Chem Soc 130 2950-2951, 2008

Shi FN, Cunha-Silva L, Paz FAA, Hardie MJ, Klinowski J, Rocha J, Trindade T A novel germanium(IV) oxalate complex: [Ge(OH)(2)(C2O4)(2)](2-) INORG CHEM COMMUN 11 283-287, 2008

Carruthers C, Ronson TK, Sumby CJ, Westcott A, Harding LP, Prior TJ, Rizkallah P, Hardie MJ The dimeric "hand-shake" motif in complexes and metallo-supramolecular assemblies of cyclotriveratrylene-based ligands. Chemistry 14 10286-10296, 2008
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Sumby CJ, Gordon KC, Walsh TJ, Hardie MJ Synthesis and complexation of multiarmed cycloveratrylene-type ligands: observation of the "boat" and "distorted-cup" conformations of a cyclotetraveratrylene derivative. Chemistry 14 4415-4425, 2008
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Westcott A, Fisher J, Harding LP, Hardie MJ Flattened trigonal bipyramidal coordination assembly with trans geometry CRYSTENGCOMM 10 276-278, 2008

Ronson TK, Hardie MJ Extended 3(6) and 6(3) arrays of capsule motifs using ligand tris{4-(3-pyridyl)phenylester}cyclotriguaiacylene CRYSTENGCOMM 10 1731-1734, 2008

Stephenson MD, Prior TJ, Hardie MJ New network structures from Cu(II) complexes of cheleting ligands with appended hydrogen bonding sites Crystal Growth and Design 8 643-653, 2008

Shi FN, Cunha-Silva L, Hardie MJ, Trindade T, Paz FAA, Rocha J Heterodimatallic germanium(VI) complex structures with transition metals Inorganic Chemistry 46 6502-6515, 2007

Campbell F, Plante JP, Carruthers CJ, Hardie MJ, Prior TJ, Wilson AJ Macrocyclic Scaffolds Derived From P-Aminobenzoic Acid Chemical Communications 2007 2240-2242, 2007

Cunha-Silva L, Ahmad R, Carr MJ, Franken A, Kennedy JD, Hardie MJ One-dimensional coordination polymers with phenyl-carbaborane anions: Ag(I)/4,4 '-bipyridine and 2,3-bis-(2-pyridyl)pyrazine complexes CRYST GROWTH DES 7 658-667, 2007

Sumby CJ, Hardie MJ 2,3,7,8,12,13-Hexahydroxy-10,15-tribenzo[a,d,g]cyclononene acetone disolvate Acta Crystallographica Section E 63 1537-1539, 2007

Sumby CJ, Hardie MJ 2,3,7,8,12,13-Hexahydroxy-10,15-dihydro-5H-tribenzo[a,d,g]cyclononene acetone disolvate ACTA CRYSTALLOGR E 63 O1537-O1539, 2007

Stephenson MD, Hardie MJ Network structures with 2,2 '-bipyridine-3,3 ' diol: a discrete Co(III) complex that forms a porous 3-D hydrogen bonded network, and Cu(II) coordination chains CRYSTENGCOMM 9 496-502, 2007

Hardie MJ The use of carborane anions in coordination polymers and extended solids Journal of Chemical Crystallography 37 69-80, 2007

Ronson TK, Fisher J, Hardie MJ, Harding LP Star-burst prisms with cyclotriveratylene-type ligands: a [Pd6L8]12+stella octangular Angewandte Chemie - International Edition 46 9086-9088, 2007

Ronson TK, Fisher J, Harding LP, Hardie MJ Star-burst prisms with cyclotriveratrylene-type ligands: A [Pd6L8](12+) stella octangular structure ANGEW CHEM INT EDIT 46 9086-9088, 2007

Hardie MJ Incorporating Molecular Hosts into Network Structures In Frontiers in Crystal Engineering , 2006

Stephenson MD, Hardie MJ Coordination and hydrogen bonded network structures of Cu(II) with mixed ligands: a hybrid hydrogen bonded material, an infinite sandwich arrangement, and a 3-D net. Dalton Trans 3407-3417, 2006
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Sumby CJ, Fisher J, Prior TJ, Hardie MJ Tris(pyridylmethylamino)cyclotriguaiacylene cavitands: an investigation of the solution and solid-state behaviour of metallo-supramolecular cages and cavitand-based coordination polymers. Chemistry 12 2945-2959, 2006
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Cunha-Silva L, Westcott A, Whitford N, Hardie MJ Hydrogen-bonded 3-D network structures of lanthanide aquo ions and 4,4 '-bipyridine with carbaborane anions CRYST GROWTH DES 6 726-735, 2006

Stephenson MD, Hardie MJ Extended structures of transition metal complexes of 6,7-dicyanodipyridoquanoxaline: pi-Stacking, weak hydrogen bonding, and NC centre dot centre dot centre dot pi interactions Crystal Growth and Design 6 423-432, 2006

Stephenson MD, Hardie MJ Extended structures of transition metal complexes of 6,7- dicyanodipyridoquinoxaline:π-stacking, weak hydrogen bonding, and CN⋯π interactions Crystal Growth and Design 6 423-432, 2006
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Cunha-Silva L, Ahmad R, Hardie MJ Coordination networks with carborane anions: Ag(1) and nitrogen bridging ligands Australian Journal of Chemistry 59 40-48, 2006

Ahmad R, Hardie MJ Synthesis and structural studies of cyclotriveratrylene derivatives Supramolecular Chemistry 18 29-38, 2006

Sumby CJ, Carr MJ, Franken A, Kennedy JD, Kilner CA, Hardie MJ Crystal-packing motifs of [Ag4L4](4+) star-burst tetrahedra NEW J CHEM 30 1390-1396, 2006

Sumby CJ, Carr MJ, Franken A, Kennedy JD, Kilner CA, Hardie MJ Crystal-packing motifs of [Ag4L4]4+star-burst tetrahedra New Journal of Chemistry 30 1390-1396, 2006

Hardie MJ, Ahmad R, Sumby CJ Network structures of cyclotriveratrylene and its derivatives NEW J CHEM 29 1231-1240, 2005

Sumby CJ, Hardie MJ Capsules and star-burst polyhedra: an [Ag2L2] capsule and tetrahedral [Ag4L4] metallosupramolecular prism with cyclotriveratrylene-type ligands Angewandte Chemie - International Edition 44 6395-6399, 2005

Sumby CJ, Hardie MJ Disentangling disorder in the three-dimensional coordination network of {Ag-3 tris(- pyridylamethyl)cyclotriguaiacylene (2)}(PF6)(3) Crystal Growth and Design 5 1321-1324, 2005

Atwood JL, Dalgarno SJ, Hardie MJ, Raston CL Selective single crystal complexation of L- or D-leucine by p-sulfonatocalix[6]arene CHEM COMMUN 337-339, 2005

Dalgarno SJ, Hardie MJ, Atwood JL, Warren JE, Raston CL A complex 3D 'wavy brick wall' coordination polymer based on p-sulfonatocalix[8] arene NEW J CHEM 29 649-652, 2005

Hardie MJ, Sumby CJ Interwoven 2-D coordination network prepared from the molecular host tris(isonicotinoyl)cyclotriguaiacylene and silver(I) cobalt(III) bis(dicarbollide) INORG CHEM 43 6872-6874, 2004

Atwood JL, Barbour LJ, Dalgarno SJ, Hardie MJ, Raston CL, Webb HR Toward mimicking viral geometry with metal-organic systems J AM CHEM SOC 126 13170-13171, 2004

Dalgarno SJ, Hardie MJ, Atwood JL, Raston CL Bilayers, corrugated bilayers, and coordination polymers of p-sulfonatocalix[6]arene. Inorg Chem 43 6351-6356, 2004
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Westcott A, Whitford N, Hardie MJ Coordination polymers with carborane anions: Silver dinitrile complexes Inorganic Chemistry 43 3663-3672, 2004

Hardie MJ, Kilner CA, Halcrow MA Tris[4-(1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-3-azabut-3-enyl]amine iron(II) diperchlorate monohydrate. Acta Crystallogr C 60 m177-m179, 2004
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Ahmad R, Franken A, Kennedy JD, Hardie MJ Group 1 Coordination Chains and Hexagonal Networks of Host Cyclotriveratrylene with Halogenated Monocarbaborane Anions Chemistry a European journal 10 2190-2198, 2004

Dalgarno SJ, Hardie MJ, Raston CL pH-dependent formation of molecular capsules and coordination polymers CRYST GROWTH DES 4 227-234, 2004

Atwood JL, Dalgarno SJ, Hardie MJ, Raston CL Hydrogen-bonded arrays of a ytterbium(III) p-sulfonatocalix[6]arene complex NEW J CHEM 28 326-328, 2004

Hardie MJ, Mills RM, Sumby CJ Building blocks for cyclotriveratrylene-based coordination networks ORG BIOMOL CHEM 2 2958-2964, 2004

Ahmad R, Hardie MJ Propeller-shaped chain and 2D grid coordination polymers with the host molecule cyclotriveratrylene and (CB9H5Br5)(-) NEW J CHEM 28 1315-1319, 2004

Bolotina NB, Hardie MJ, Speer RL, Pinkerton AA Energetic materials: Variable-temperature crystal structures ofγ- andε- HNIW polymorphs Journal of Applied Crystallography 37 808-814, 2004

Hardie MJ Hydrogen bonded network structures constructed from molecular hosts In Supramolecular Assembly Via Hydrogen Bonds Ii , 2004

Dalgarno SJ, Hardie MJ, Warren JE, Raston CL Lanthanide crown ether complexes of p-sulfonatocalix[5]arene DALTON T 2413-2416, 2004

Hardie MJ Simultaneous binding of cations and neutral molecules In Encyclopaedia of Supramolecular Chemistry , 2004

Franken A, Bullen NJ, Jelinek T, Thornton-Pett M, Teat SJ, Clegg W, Kennedy JD, Hardie MJ Structural chemistry of halogenated monocarbaboranes: the extended structures of Cs[1-HCB9H4Br5], Cs[1-HCB11H5Cl6] and Cs[1-HCB11H5Br6] NEW J CHEM 28 1499-1505, 2004

Franken A, Bullen N, Jelinek T, Thornton-Pett MA, Teat SJ, Clegg W, Kennedy JD, Hardie MJ Structural chemistry of halogenated monocarbaboranes: the extended structures of Cs[1-HCB9H4Br5], Cs[1-HCB11H5Cl6] and Cs[1-HCB11H5Brl6] New Journal of Chemistry 28 1499-1505, 2004

Ahmad R, Hardie MJ Formation of an unusual, complex and intricate hydrogen network formed between lanthanide aquio and cyclotriveratrylene (CTV) Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society 226 pp.217-, 2003

Ahmad R, Hardie MJ Variable Ag(I) coordination modes in silver cobalt (III) bis(dicarbollide) supramolecular assemblies with cyclotriveratrylene host molecules Crystal Growth and Design 3 493-499, 2003

Dalgarno SJ, Hardie MJ, Makha M, Raston CL Controlling the conformation and interplay of p-sulfonatocalix[6]arene as lanthanide crown ether complexes CHEM-EUR J 9 2834-2839, 2003

Ahmad R, Dix R, Hardie MJ Hydrogen-bonded superstructures of a small host molecule and lanthanide aquo ions Inorganic Chemistry 42 2182-2184, 2003

Cooper I, Grigg RE, Hardie MJ, MacLachlan WS, Sridharan V, Thomas WA Diastereoselective Pd/In bimetallic inter-intramolecular (class 2) cascade reactions of allenyl-imines and aryl iodides Tetrahedron Letters 44 2283-2285, 2003

Hardie MJ, Torrens R, Raston CL Characterisation of a new 1 : 1 (C-60)(CHBr3) intercalation complex CHEM COMMUN 1854-1855, 2003

Bolotina NB, Hardie MJ, Pinkerton AA Energetic Materials: variable temperature crystal strucutres of two biguanidinium dinitramindes Journal of Applied Crystallography 36 1334-1341, 2003

Dalgarno SJ, Hardie MJ, Raston C Conformation perturbation of p-sulfonatocalix(5)areneviacomplexation of 1,4-dasabicyclo(2.2.2) octane Chemical Communications 2802-2803, 2003

Makha M, Hardie MJ, Raston CL Inter-digitation approach to encapsulation of C60: [C60 [symbol: see text] (p-phenylcalix[5]arene)2]. Chem Commun (Camb) 1446-1447, 2002
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Ahmad R, Hardie MJ Building cyclotriveratrylene host molecules into network structures Special Publication - Royal Society of Chemistry 227-231, 2002

Hardie MJ Solid state confinement of ferrocene by calixarenes SUPRAMOL CHEM 14 7-10, 2002

Hardie MJ, Malic N, Raston C Mineralomimetic host-guest chemistry: the encapsulation of M+subset of 2.2.2 cryptate (M = Na, K) by saddle shaped Ni(II) macrocycles Dalton Transactions 295-296, 2002

Makha M, Nichols PJ, Hardie MJ, Raston C Unsymmetrical O-bridged calixarenes derived from Bu-t- calix arene and p-benzylcalix 4 arene Royal Society of Chemistry. Journal: Perkin Transactions 1 354-359, 2002

Makha M, Hardie MJ, Raston CL Inter-digitation approach to encapsulation of C-60: [C-60 subset of (p-phenylcalix[5]arene)(2)] CHEM COMMUN 1446-1447, 2002

Hardie MJ, Nichols PJ, Raston C Rigid concave surfaces: an entry to new supramolecular systems Advances in Supramolecular Chemistry 8 1-41, 2002

Hardie MJ, Malic N, Nichols PJ, Raston CL Oligoethyl ether derivatives of ester functionalised nickel(II) macrocycles TETRAHEDRON LETT 42 8075-8079, 2001

Atwood JL, Barbour LJ, Hardie MJ, Raston CL Metal sulfonatocalix[4,5]arene complexes: bi-layers, capsules, spheres, tubular arrays and beyond COORDIN CHEM REV 222 3-32, 2001

Hardie MJ, Malic N, Nichols PJ, Raston C Oligoethyl ether derivatives of ester functionalised nickel(II) macrocycles Tetrahedron Letters 42 8075-8080, 2001

Hardie MJ, Raston CL, Salinas A A 3,12-connected vertice sharing adamantoid hydrogen bonded network featuring tetrameric clusters of cyclotriveratrylene. Chem Commun (Camb) 1850-1851, 2001
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Cave GWV, Hardie MJ, Roberts BA, Raston C A versatile six-component molecular capsule based on benign synthons - selective confinement of a heterogeneous molecular aggregate European Journal of Organic Chemistry 3227-3231, 2001

Webb HR, Hardie MJ, Raston C Scandium(III) coordination polymers containing capsules based on two p-sulfonatocalix 4 arenes Chemistry a European journal 7 3616-3620, 2001

Hardie MJ, Martin A, Pinkerton AA, Zhurova EA Anisotropic thermal expansion of potassium dinitramide: a variable- temperature crystallographic study Acta Crystallographica. Section B: Structural Science 57 113-118, 2001

Atwood JL, Barbour LJ, Hardie MJ, Raston C, Statton MN, Webb HR Hetero-bimetallic cage molecules: solvated Na2M2-(p-sulfonatocalix 4 arene) (2), M = Y, Eu Special Publication - Royal Society of Chemistry pp.4-, 2001

Atwood JL, Barbour LJ, Hardie MJ, Lygris E, Raston C, Webb HR Inclusion complexes of 18-crown-6 and (Na+subset of 2.2.2 cryptand) in C-methylcalix 4 resorcinarene-H-n, n=0, 1 Special Publication - Royal Society of Chemistry pp.10-, 2001

Hardie MJ, Raston C Crystalline hydrogen bonded complexes of o-carborane Special Publication - Royal Society of Chemistry pp.39-, 2001

Sephton KN, Hardie MJ, Atwood JL, Raston C Oxygen-center laden C2hsymmetry resorcin[4]arenes Supramolecular Chemistry 1 35-38, 2001

Hardie MJ, Raston C Alkali metal-cyclotriveratrylene coordination polymers: inclusion of neutral C2B10H12or anionic [CB11H12]-and DMF Special Publication - Royal Society of Chemistry 1 53-58, 2001

Hardie MJ, Malic N, Raston C, Roberts BA Confinement of the ions M subset of 2.2.2 cryptand (+) and cobalt(III)bis (dicarbollide) (-) in the divergent curved surfaces of a Ni(II) macrocycle Chemical Communications 865-866, 2001

Hardie MJ, Raston CL Crystalline hydrogen bonded complexes of o-carborane CRYSTENGCOMM art. no.-39, 2001

Hardie MJ, Raston CL Solid state supramolecular assemblies of charged supermolecules (Na[2.2.2]cryptate)(+) and anionic carboranes with host cyclotriveratrylene CHEM COMMUN 905-906, 2001

Pinkerton AA, Hardie MJ, Shaw AP, Sliwinski KA Synthesis of an unusual cage-functionalized molecular cleft Journal of Chemical Crystallography 31 135-141, 2001

Hardie MJ, Raston CL, Wells B Altering the inclusion properties of CTV through crystal engineering: CTV, carborane, and DMF supramolecular assemblies Chemistry a European journal 6 3293-3298, 2000

Hardie MJ, Raston CL Supramolecular chemistry of anionic cobalt(III) bis(dicarbollide) and cyclotriveratrylene in the solid state and gas phase Angewandte Chemie: International Edition 39 3835-3839, 2000

Drljaca A, Hardie MJ, Raston CL, Spiccia L Self-assembled superanions: ionic capsules stabilized by polynuclear chromium(III) aqua cations Chemistry a European journal 5 2295-2299, 1999

Hardie MJ, Godfrey PD, Raston CL Self-assembly of grid and helical hydrogen-bonded arrays incorporating bowl-shaped receptor sites that bind globular molecules Chemistry a European journal 5 1828-1833, 1999