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Michaele Hardie

Professor of Supramolecular Chemistry
Member of the Crystallisation and Directed Assembly group

Contact details

Room: 1.26a
Tel: +44 (0)113 3436458
Email: M.J.Hardie@leeds.ac.uk

Keywords

Supramolecular Chemistry
Metallo-supramolecular assemblies
Crystal Engineering
Synthesis of molecular hosts
X-Ray Crystallography

Photograph of Michaele Hardie

Research interests

Research interests are in the area of metallo-supramolecular chemistry. We are particularly interested in the self-assembly of discrete nano-scale metallo-supramolecular cages, and in coordination polymers. Discrete cages often have polyhedral or prismatic structures and tend to feature significant internal space. Hence such assemblies may have potential applications as nano-scale reaction vessels. Coordination polymers are crystalline metal-ligand systems with infinite structures such as chains, helices, grids and 3D lattices. These materials may be useful for a number of applications, including molecular separations, catalysis and molecular storage.

Many of our efforts have been based around the molecular host cyclotriveratrylene, which has a pyramidal shape and shallow molecular cavity capable of forming host-guest interactions. We have been appending N-donor ligand functionality to these pyramidal host molecules in order to incorporate them into discrete assemblies and/or coordination polymers. The discrete nano-scale metallo-supramolecular cages thus formed have unusual star-burst or stellated aspects to their structures. We are also developing the idea of host-guest control, where interactions between the host and simple guest molecules manipulate the overall self-assembly outcomes. Other crystal engineering projects are investigating the organisation discrete coordination complexes in the solid state by use of additional functionality such as hydrogen bonding groups or additional ligand sites.

All projects include synthetic organic and coordination chemistry, supramolecular chemistry, the use of standard spectroscopic techniques, and feature single crystal X-ray crystallography as a major characterisation method.

Useful links

Research (MS Word)   
Full bibliography (MS Word)   
   

Publications

Henkelis JJ, Hardie MJ Controlling the assembly of cyclotriveratrylene-derived coordination cages Chemical Communications 51 11929-11943, 2015
DOI:10.1039/c5cc03071d
View abstract

Thorp-Greenwood FL, Kulak AN, Hardie MJ An infinite chainmail of M6L6metallacycles featuring multiple Borromean links Nature Chemistry 7 526-531, 2015
DOI:10.1038/nchem.2259
View abstract

Thorp-Greenwood FL, Ronson TK, Hardie MJ Copper coordination polymers from cavitand ligands: Hierarchical spaces from cage and capsule motifs, and other topologies Chemical Science 6 5779-5792, 2015
DOI:10.1039/c5sc01801c
View abstract

Loughrey JJ, Patmore NJ, Baldansuren A, Fielding AJ, McInnes EJL, Hardie MJ, Sproules S, Halcrow MA Platinum(II) complexes of mixed-valent radicals derived from cyclotricatechylene, a macrocyclic tris-dioxolene Chemical Science 6 6935-6948, 2015
DOI:10.1039/c5sc02776d
View abstract

Thorp-Greenwood FL, Kulak AN, Hardie MJ Three-dimensional silver-dabco coordination polymers with zeolitic or three-connected topology Crystal Growth and Design 14 5361-5365, 2014
DOI:10.1021/cg501231v
View abstract

Henkelis JJ, Carruthers CJ, Chambers SE, Clowes R, Cooper AI, Fisher J, Hardie MJ Metallo-cryptophanes decorated with Bis-N-heterocyclic carbene ligands: self-assembly and guest uptake into a nonporous crystalline lattice Journal of the American Chemical Society 136 14393-14396, 2014
DOI:10.1021/ja508502u
View abstract

Henkelis JJ, Hardie MJ Tuning the coordination chemistry of cyclotriveratrylene ligand pairs through alkyl chain aggregation CrystEngComm 16 8138-8146, 2014
DOI:10.1039/c4ce00467a
View abstract

Hardie MJ, Braga D International Year of Crystallography Celebration: Europe and South Africa CrystEngComm 16 8093-, 2014
DOI:10.1039/c4ce90109f

Loughrey JJ, Sproules S, McInnes EJ, Hardie MJ, Halcrow MA Stable mixed-valent radicals from platinum(II) complexes of a bis(dioxolene) ligand. Chemistry 20 6272-6276, 2014
DOI:10.1002/chem.201304848
View abstract

Henkelis JJ, Ronson TK, Hardie MJ Lanthanide coordination polymers with pyridyl-N-oxide or carboxylate functionalised host ligands CrystEngComm 16 3688-3693, 2014
DOI:10.1039/c3ce40776d
View abstract

Cookson NJ, Henkelis JJ, Ansell RJ, Fishwick CW, Hardie MJ, Fisher J Encapsulation of sodium alkyl sulfates by the cyclotriveratrylene-based, [Pd(6)L(8)](12+) stella octangula cage. Dalton Trans 43 5657-5661, 2014
DOI:10.1039/c4dt00237g
View abstract

Henkelis JJ, Fisher J, Warriner SL, Hardie MJ Solvent-dependent self-assembly behaviour and speciation control of Pd6L8 metallo-supramolecular cages. Chemistry 20 4117-4125, 2014
DOI:10.1002/chem.201304437
View abstract

Little MA, Loughrey JJ, Santoro A, Halcrow MA, Hardie MJ Hexasulfanyl analogues of cyclotriveratrylene Tetrahedron Letters -, 2014
DOI:10.1016/j.tetlet.2014.03.025
View abstract

Cross JM, Fennessy RV, Harding LP, Rice CR, Hardie MJ, Slater C Self-assembly of a heteroleptic one-dimensional chain comprising different dinuclear meso-helicates in the solid-state Chemical Communications 49 11290-11292, 2013
DOI:10.1039/c3cc46722h
View abstract

Loughrey JJ, Sproules SJ, McInnes EJL, Hardie MJ, Halcrow MA Synthesis and electronic structures of new bis- and tris-dioxolene complexes, and their delocalized mixed-valent redox products, 2013

Cunha-Silva L, Carr MJ, Kennedy JD, Hardie MJ Silver-dabco coordination networks with distinct carbaborane anions: Investigating Ag⋯H-B and Ag⋯I-B interactions Crystal Growth and Design 13 3162-3170, 2013
DOI:10.1021/cg4005328
View abstract

Murphy NS, Prabhakaran P, Azzarito V, Plante JP, Hardie MJ, Kilner CA, Warriner SL, Wilson AJ Solid-phase methodology for synthesis of O-alkylated aromatic oligoamide inhibitors ofα-helix-mediated protein-protein interactions. Chemistry 19 5546-5550, 2013
DOI:10.1002/chem.201204098
View abstract

Little MA, Halcrow MA, Hardie MJ A bis(disulfide)-linked offset cryptophane. Chem Commun (Camb) 49 1512-1514, 2013
DOI:10.1039/c3cc38768b
View abstract

Henkelis JJ, Barnett SA, Harding LP, Hardie MJ Coordination polymers utilizing N-oxide functionalized host ligands. Inorg Chem 51 10657-10674, 2012
DOI:10.1021/ic300940k
View abstract

Azzarito V, Prabhakaran P, Bartlett AI, Murphy NS, Hardie MJ, Kilner CA, Edwards TA, Warriner SL, Wilson AJ 2-O-alkylated para-benzamideα-helix mimetics: the role of scaffold curvature. Org Biomol Chem 10 6469-6472, 2012
DOI:10.1039/c2ob26262b
View abstract

Prabhakaran P, Azzarito V, Jacobs T, Hardie MJ, Kilner CA, Edwards TA, Warriner SL, Wilson AJ Conformational properties of O-alkylated benzamides Tetrahedron 68 4485-4491, 2012
DOI:10.1016/j.tet.2011.11.078
View abstract

Cunha-Silva L, Hardie MJ Exploring Ag⋯H-B interactions in coordination polymers: Silver-alkanedinitrile networks with cobalt carbaborane anions CrystEngComm 14 3367-3372, 2012
DOI:10.1039/c2ce00003b
View abstract

Jacobs T, Clowes R, Cooper AI, Hardie MJ A chiral, self-catenating and porous metal-organic framework and its post-synthetic metal uptake. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 51 5192-5195, 2012
DOI:10.1002/anie.201200758

Rigby N, Jacobs T, Reddy JP, Hardie MJ Metal complexes of 2,2′-bipyridine-4,4′-diamine as metallo-tectons for hydrogen bonded networks Crystal Growth and Design 12 1871-1881, 2012
DOI:10.1021/cg201512q
View abstract

Little MA, Donkin J, Fisher J, Halcrow MA, Loder J, Hardie MJ Synthesis and methane-binding properties of disulfide-linked cryptophane-0.0.0. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 51 764-766, 2012
DOI:10.1002/anie.201106512

Jacobs T, Hardie MJ Construction of metal-organic frameworks: versatile behaviour of a ligand containing mono- and bidentate coordination sites. Chemistry 18 267-276, 2012
DOI:10.1002/chem.201101998
View abstract

Hardie MJ Interlocked molecules: One-pot pentaknot. Nat Chem 4 7-8, 2012
DOI:10.1038/nchem.1224

Loughrey JJ, Kilner CA, Hardie MJ, Halcrow MA Six new crystalline clathrates of cyclotricatechylene (CTC) including two donor-acceptor complexes Supramolecular Chemistry 24 2-13, 2012
DOI:10.1080/10610278.2011.611246
View abstract

Cunha-Silva L, Hardie MJ Exploring Ag center dot center dot center dot H-B interactions in coordination polymers: silver-alkanedinitrile networks with cobalt carbaborane anions CRYSTENGCOMM 14 3367-3372, 2012
DOI:10.1039/c2ce00003b

Little MA, Ronson TK, Hardie MJ New coordination polymers with extended arm cyclotriguaiacyclene ligands: 1D chains, and interpenetrating or polycatenating 2D (4(2).6(2))(4.6(2))2 networks. Dalton Trans 40 12217-12227, 2011
DOI:10.1039/c1dt10662g
View abstract

Hardie MJ Self-Assembled Cages with Cyclotriveratrylene-Type Host Molecules ISR J CHEM 51 807-816, 2011
DOI:10.1002/ijch.201100060

Henkelis JJ, Ronson TK, Harding LP, Hardie MJ M3L2 metallo-cryptophanes: [2]catenane and simple cages. Chem Commun (Camb) 47 6560-6562, 2011
DOI:10.1039/c1cc10806a
View abstract

Ronson TK, Nowell H, Westcott A, Hardie MJ Bow-tie metallo-cryptophanes from a carboxylate derived cavitand. Chem Commun (Camb) 47 176-178, 2011
DOI:10.1039/c0cc01284j
View abstract

Prabhakaran P, Azzarito V, Jacobs T, Hardie MJ, Kilner CA, Edwards TA, Warriner SL, Wilson AJ Conformational properties of O-alkylated benzamides Tetrahedron -, 2011

Little MA, Halcrow MA, Harding LP, Hardie MJ Ag(I) organometallic coordination polymers and capsule with tris-allyl cyclotriveratrylene derivatives. Inorg Chem 49 9486-9496, 2010
DOI:10.1021/ic101211n
View abstract

Hardie MJ Recent advances in the chemistry of cyclotriveratrylene. Chem Soc Rev 39 516-527, 2010
DOI:10.1039/b821019p
View abstract

Ronson TK, Carruthers C, Fisher J, Brotin T, Harding LP, Rizkallah PJ, Hardie MJ Tripodal 4-pyridyl-derived host ligands and their metallo-supramolecular chemistry: stella octangula and bowl-shaped assemblies. Inorg Chem 49 675-685, 2010
DOI:10.1021/ic901972h
View abstract

Carruthers C, Fisher J, Harding LP, Hardie MJ Host-guest influence on metallo-supramolecular assemblies with a cyclotriveratrylene-type ligand. Dalton Trans 355-357, 2010
DOI:10.1039/b914285a
View abstract

Ronson TK, Fisher J, Harding LP, Rizkallah PJ, Warren JE, Hardie MJ Stellated polyhedral assembly of a topologically complicated Pd4L4 'Solomon cube' NAT CHEM 1 212-216, 2009
DOI:10.1038/NCHEM.213

Tidmarsh IS, Taylor BF, Hardie MJ, Russo L, Clegg W, Ward MD Further investigations into tetrahedral M4L6 cage complexes containing guest anions: new structures and NMR spectroscopic studies NEW J CHEM 33 366-375, 2009
DOI:10.1039/b816864d

Cunha-Silva L, Shi FN, Paz FAA, Hardie MJ, Klinowski J, Trindade T, Rocha J Supramolecular salts containing the anionic [Ge(C2O4)(3)](2-) complex and heteroaromatic amines INORG CHIM ACTA 362 263-270, 2009
DOI:10.1016/j.ica.2008.02.038

Westcott A, Sumby CJ, Walshaw RD, Hardie MJ Metallo-gels and organo-gels with tripodal cyclotriveratrylene-type and 1,3,5-substituted benzene-type ligands NEW J CHEM 33 902-912, 2009
DOI:10.1039/b819352e

Westcott A, Fisher J, Harding LP, Rizkallah P, Hardie MJ Self-assembly of a 3-D triply interlocked chiral [2]catenane. J Am Chem Soc 130 2950-2951, 2008
DOI:10.1021/ja8002149

Shi FN, Cunha-Silva L, Paz FAA, Hardie MJ, Klinowski J, Rocha J, Trindade T A novel germanium(IV) oxalate complex: [Ge(OH)(2)(C2O4)(2)](2-) INORG CHEM COMMUN 11 283-287, 2008
DOI:10.1016/j.inoche.2007.12.014

Westcott A, Fisher J, Harding LP, Hardie MJ Flattened trigonal bipyramidal coordination assembly with trans geometry CRYSTENGCOMM 10 276-278, 2008
DOI:10.1039/b716733b

Carruthers C, Ronson TK, Sumby CJ, Westcott A, Harding LP, Prior TJ, Rizkallah P, Hardie MJ The dimeric "hand-shake" motif in complexes and metallo-supramolecular assemblies of cyclotriveratrylene-based ligands. Chemistry 14 10286-10296, 2008
DOI:10.1002/chem.200801264
View abstract

Ronson TK, Hardie MJ Extended 3(6) and 6(3) arrays of capsule motifs using ligand tris{4-(3-pyridyl)phenylester}cyclotriguaiacylene CRYSTENGCOMM 10 1731-1734, 2008
DOI:10.1039/b810090j

Stephenson MD, Prior TJ, Hardie MJ New network structures from Cu(II) complexes of cheleting ligands with appended hydrogen bonding sites Crystal Growth and Design 8 643-653, 2008

Sumby CJ, Gordon KC, Walsh TJ, Hardie MJ Synthesis and complexation of multiarmed cycloveratrylene-type ligands: observation of the "boat" and "distorted-cup" conformations of a cyclotetraveratrylene derivative. Chemistry 14 4415-4425, 2008
DOI:10.1002/chem.200701892
View abstract

Shi FN, Cunha-Silva L, Hardie MJ, Trindade T, Paz FAA, Rocha J Heterodimatallic germanium(VI) complex structures with transition metals Inorganic Chemistry 46 6502-6515, 2007

Campbell F, Plante JP, Carruthers CJ, Hardie MJ, Prior TJ, Wilson AJ Macrocyclic Scaffolds Derived From P-Aminobenzoic Acid Chemical Communications 2007 2240-2242, 2007
DOI:10.1039/b704366j

Cunha-Silva L, Ahmad R, Carr MJ, Franken A, Kennedy JD, Hardie MJ One-dimensional coordination polymers with phenyl-carbaborane anions: Ag(I)/4,4 '-bipyridine and 2,3-bis-(2-pyridyl)pyrazine complexes CRYST GROWTH DES 7 658-667, 2007
DOI:10.1021/cg070048p

Cunha-Silva L, Ahmad R, Carr MJ, Franken A, Kennedy JD, Hardie MJ One-dimensional coordination polymers with phenyl-carbaborane anions: Ag(I)/4,4 '-bipyridine and 2,3-bis-(2-pyridyl)pyrazine complexes CRYST GROWTH DES 7 658-667, 2007
DOI:10.1021/cg070048p

Sumby CJ, Hardie MJ 2,3,7,8,12,13-Hexahydroxy-10,15-dihydro-5H-tribenzo[a,d,g]cyclononene acetone disolvate ACTA CRYSTALLOGR E 63 O1537-O1539, 2007
DOI:10.1107/S1600536807008987

Sumby CJ, Hardie MJ 2,3,7,8,12,13-Hexahydroxy-10,15-dihydro-5H-tribenzo[a,d,g]cyclononene acetone disolvate ACTA CRYSTALLOGR E 63 O1537-O1539, 2007
DOI:10.1107/S1600536807008987

Sumby CJ, Hardie MJ 2,3,7,8,12,13-Hexahydroxy-10,15-tribenzo[a,d,g]cyclononene acetone disolvate Acta Crystallographica Section E 63 1537-1539, 2007

Stephenson MD, Hardie MJ Network structures with 2,2 '-bipyridine-3,3 ' diol: a discrete Co(III) complex that forms a porous 3-D hydrogen bonded network, and Cu(II) coordination chains CRYSTENGCOMM 9 496-502, 2007
DOI:10.1039/b702509m

Ronson TK, Fisher J, Hardie MJ, Harding LP Star-burst prisms with cyclotriveratylene-type ligands: a [Pd6L8]12+stella octangular Angewandte Chemie - International Edition 46 9086-9088, 2007

Hardie MJ The use of carborane anions in coordination polymers and extended solids Journal of Chemical Crystallography 37 69-80, 2007

Ronson TK, Fisher J, Harding LP, Hardie MJ Star-burst prisms with cyclotriveratrylene-type ligands: A [Pd6L8](12+) stella octangular structure ANGEW CHEM INT EDIT 46 9086-9088, 2007
DOI:10.1002/anie.200703903

Hardie MJ Incorporating Molecular Hosts into Network Structures In Frontiers in Crystal Engineering , 2006
DOI:10.1002/0470022612.ch7

Stephenson MD, Hardie MJ Coordination and hydrogen bonded network structures of Cu(II) with mixed ligands: a hybrid hydrogen bonded material, an infinite sandwich arrangement, and a 3-D net. Dalton Trans 3407-3417, 2006
DOI:10.1039/b600357e
View abstract

Sumby CJ, Fisher J, Prior TJ, Hardie MJ Tris(pyridylmethylamino)cyclotriguaiacylene cavitands: an investigation of the solution and solid-state behaviour of metallo-supramolecular cages and cavitand-based coordination polymers. Chemistry 12 2945-2959, 2006
DOI:10.1002/chem.200501542
View abstract

Cunha-Silva L, Westcott A, Whitford N, Hardie MJ Hydrogen-bonded 3-D network structures of lanthanide aquo ions and 4,4 '-bipyridine with carbaborane anions CRYST GROWTH DES 6 726-735, 2006
DOI:10.1021/cg050504e

Stephenson MD, Hardie MJ Extended structures of transition metal complexes of 6,7-dicyanodipyridoquanoxaline: pi-Stacking, weak hydrogen bonding, and NC centre dot centre dot centre dot pi interactions Crystal Growth and Design 6 423-432, 2006

Stephenson MD, Hardie MJ Extended structures of transition metal complexes of 6,7-dicyanodipyridoquanoxaline: pi-Stacking, weak hydrogen bonding, and NC centre dot centre dot centre dot pi interactions Crystal Growth and Design 6 423-432, 2006

Stephenson MD, Hardie MJ Extended structures of transition metal complexes of 6,7- dicyanodipyridoquinoxaline:π-stacking, weak hydrogen bonding, and CN⋯π interactions Crystal Growth and Design 6 423-432, 2006
DOI:10.1021/cg050366t
View abstract

Cunha-Silva L, Ahmad R, Hardie MJ Coordination networks with carborane anions: Ag(1) and nitrogen bridging ligands Australian Journal of Chemistry 59 40-48, 2006

Ahmad R, Hardie MJ Synthesis and structural studies of cyclotriveratrylene derivatives Supramolecular Chemistry 18 29-38, 2006

Sumby CJ, Carr MJ, Franken A, Kennedy JD, Kilner CA, Hardie MJ Crystal-packing motifs of [Ag4L4](4+) star-burst tetrahedra NEW J CHEM 30 1390-1396, 2006
DOI:10.1039/b609356f

Sumby CJ, Carr MJ, Franken A, Kennedy JD, Kilner CA, Hardie MJ Crystal-packing motifs of [Ag4L4]4+star-burst tetrahedra New Journal of Chemistry 30 1390-1396, 2006

Hardie MJ, Ahmad R, Sumby CJ Network structures of cyclotriveratrylene and its derivatives NEW J CHEM 29 1231-1240, 2005
DOI:10.1039/b505579b

Sumby CJ, Hardie MJ Capsules and star-burst polyhedra: an [Ag2L2] capsule and tetrahedral [Ag4L4] metallosupramolecular prism with cyclotriveratrylene-type ligands Angewandte Chemie - International Edition 44 6395-6399, 2005
DOI:10.1002/anie.200501358

Sumby CJ, Hardie MJ Disentangling disorder in the three-dimensional coordination network of {Ag-3 tris(- pyridylamethyl)cyclotriguaiacylene (2)}(PF6)(3) Crystal Growth and Design 5 1321-1324, 2005
DOI:10.1021/cg050061e

Dalgarno SJ, Hardie MJ, Atwood JL, Warren JE, Raston CL A complex 3D 'wavy brick wall' coordination polymer based on p-sulfonatocalix[8] arene NEW J CHEM 29 649-652, 2005
DOI:10.1039/b418352p

Atwood JL, Dalgarno SJ, Hardie MJ, Raston CL Selective single crystal complexation of L- or D-leucine by p-sulfonatocalix[6]arene CHEM COMMUN 337-339, 2005
DOI:10.1039/b413821j

Hardie MJ, Sumby CJ Interwoven 2-D coordination network prepared from the molecular host tris(isonicotinoyl)cyclotriguaiacylene and silver(I) cobalt(III) bis(dicarbollide) INORG CHEM 43 6872-6874, 2004
DOI:10.1021/ic049160s

Atwood JL, Barbour LJ, Dalgarno SJ, Hardie MJ, Raston CL, Webb HR Toward mimicking viral geometry with metal-organic systems J AM CHEM SOC 126 13170-13171, 2004
DOI:10.1021/ja048058r

Dalgarno SJ, Hardie MJ, Atwood JL, Raston CL Bilayers, corrugated bilayers, and coordination polymers of p-sulfonatocalix[6]arene. Inorg Chem 43 6351-6356, 2004
DOI:10.1021/ic0493595
View abstract

Westcott A, Whitford N, Hardie MJ Coordination polymers with carborane anions: Silver dinitrile complexes Inorganic Chemistry 43 3663-3672, 2004
DOI:10.1021/ic049849x

Hardie MJ, Kilner CA, Halcrow MA Tris[4-(1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-3-azabut-3-enyl]amine iron(II) diperchlorate monohydrate. Acta Crystallogr C 60 m177-m179, 2004
DOI:10.1107/S010827010400407X
View abstract

Ahmad R, Franken A, Kennedy JD, Hardie MJ Group 1 Coordination Chains and Hexagonal Networks of Host Cyclotriveratrylene with Halogenated Monocarbaborane Anions Chemistry a European journal 10 2190-2198, 2004
DOI:10.1002/chem.200305500

Dalgarno SJ, Hardie MJ, Raston CL pH-dependent formation of molecular capsules and coordination polymers CRYST GROWTH DES 4 227-234, 2004
DOI:10.1021/cg030029p

Atwood JL, Dalgarno SJ, Hardie MJ, Raston CL Hydrogen-bonded arrays of a ytterbium(III) p-sulfonatocalix[6]arene complex NEW J CHEM 28 326-328, 2004
DOI:10.1039/b311288h

Ahmad R, Hardie MJ Propeller-shaped chain and 2D grid coordination polymers with the host molecule cyclotriveratrylene and (CB9H5Br5)(-) NEW J CHEM 28 1315-1319, 2004
DOI:10.1039/b405031b

Hardie MJ, Mills RM, Sumby CJ Building blocks for cyclotriveratrylene-based coordination networks ORG BIOMOL CHEM 2 2958-2964, 2004
DOI:10.1039/b407165d

Bolotina NB, Hardie MJ, Speer RL, Pinkerton AA Energetic materials: Variable-temperature crystal structures ofγ- andε- HNIW polymorphs Journal of Applied Crystallography 37 808-814, 2004
DOI:10.1107/S0021889804017832

Dalgarno SJ, Hardie MJ, Warren JE, Raston CL Lanthanide crown ether complexes of p-sulfonatocalix[5]arene DALTON T 2413-2416, 2004
DOI:10.1039/b407207c

Hardie MJ Hydrogen bonded network structures constructed from molecular hosts In Supramolecular Assembly Via Hydrogen Bonds Ii , 2004

Hardie MJ Hydrogen bonded network structures constructed from molecular hosts In Supramolecular Assembly Via Hydrogen Bonds Ii , 2004

Franken A, Bullen N, Jelinek T, Thornton-Pett MA, Teat SJ, Clegg W, Kennedy JD, Hardie MJ Structural chemistry of halogenated monocarbaboranes: the extended structures of Cs[1-HCB9H4Br5], Cs[1-HCB11H5Cl6] and Cs[1-HCB11H5Brl6] New Journal of Chemistry 28 1499-1505, 2004

Hardie MJ Simultaneous binding of cations and neutral molecules In Encyclopaedia of Supramolecular Chemistry , 2004

Franken A, Bullen NJ, Jelinek T, Thornton-Pett M, Teat SJ, Clegg W, Kennedy JD, Hardie MJ Structural chemistry of halogenated monocarbaboranes: the extended structures of Cs[1-HCB9H4Br5], Cs[1-HCB11H5Cl6] and Cs[1-HCB11H5Br6] NEW J CHEM 28 1499-1505, 2004
DOI:10.1039/b410929e

Ahmad R, Hardie MJ Formation of an unusual, complex and intricate hydrogen network formed between lanthanide aquio and cyclotriveratrylene (CTV) Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society 226 pp.217-, 2003

Ahmad R, Hardie MJ Variable Ag(I) coordination modes in silver cobalt (III) bis(dicarbollide) supramolecular assemblies with cyclotriveratrylene host molecules Crystal Growth and Design 3 493-499, 2003
DOI:10.1021/cg025613x

Dalgarno SJ, Hardie MJ, Makha M, Raston CL Controlling the conformation and interplay of p-sulfonatocalix[6]arene as lanthanide crown ether complexes CHEM-EUR J 9 2834-2839, 2003
DOI:10.1002/chem.200304963

Ahmad R, Dix R, Hardie MJ Hydrogen-bonded superstructures of a small host molecule and lanthanide aquo ions Inorganic Chemistry 42 2182-2184, 2003
DOI:10.1021/ic026071b

Cooper I, Grigg RE, Hardie MJ, MacLachlan WS, Sridharan V, Thomas WA Diastereoselective Pd/In bimetallic inter-intramolecular (class 2) cascade reactions of allenyl-imines and aryl iodides Tetrahedron Letters 44 2283-2285, 2003
DOI:10.1016/S0040-4039(03)00277-6

Hardie MJ, Torrens R, Raston CL Characterisation of a new 1 : 1 (C-60)(CHBr3) intercalation complex CHEM COMMUN 1854-1855, 2003
DOI:10.1039/b303478j

Dalgarno SJ, Hardie MJ, Raston C Conformation perturbation of p-sulfonatocalix(5)areneviacomplexation of 1,4-dasabicyclo(2.2.2) octane Chemical Communications 2802-2803, 2003

Bolotina NB, Hardie MJ, Pinkerton AA Energetic Materials: variable temperature crystal strucutres of two biguanidinium dinitramindes Journal of Applied Crystallography 36 1334-1341, 2003
DOI:10.1107/S0021889803016182

Makha M, Hardie MJ, Raston CL Inter-digitation approach to encapsulation of C60: [C60 [symbol: see text] (p-phenylcalix[5]arene)2]. Chem Commun (Camb) 1446-1447, 2002
View abstract

Ahmad R, Hardie MJ Building cyclotriveratrylene host molecules into network structures Special Publication - Royal Society of Chemistry 227-231, 2002

Hardie MJ Solid state confinement of ferrocene by calixarenes SUPRAMOL CHEM 14 7-10, 2002
DOI:10.1080/10610270290006529

Hardie MJ, Nichols PJ, Raston C Rigid concave surfaces: an entry to new supramolecular systems Advances in Supramolecular Chemistry 8 1-41, 2002

Makha M, Hardie MJ, Raston CL Inter-digitation approach to encapsulation of C-60: [C-60 subset of (p-phenylcalix[5]arene)(2)] CHEM COMMUN 1446-1447, 2002
DOI:10.1039/b203688f

Hardie MJ, Malic N, Raston C Mineralomimetic host-guest chemistry: the encapsulation of M+subset of 2.2.2 cryptate (M = Na, K) by saddle shaped Ni(II) macrocycles Dalton Transactions 295-296, 2002

Makha M, Nichols PJ, Hardie MJ, Raston C Unsymmetrical O-bridged calixarenes derived from Bu-t- calix arene and p-benzylcalix 4 arene Royal Society of Chemistry. Journal: Perkin Transactions 1 354-359, 2002

Hardie MJ, Malic N, Nichols PJ, Raston CL Oligoethyl ether derivatives of ester functionalised nickel(II) macrocycles TETRAHEDRON LETT 42 8075-8079, 2001

Hardie MJ, Malic N, Nichols PJ, Raston CL Oligoethyl ether derivatives of ester functionalised nickel(II) macrocycles TETRAHEDRON LETT 42 8075-8079, 2001

Atwood JL, Barbour LJ, Hardie MJ, Raston CL Metal sulfonatocalix[4,5]arene complexes: bi-layers, capsules, spheres, tubular arrays and beyond COORDIN CHEM REV 222 3-32, 2001

Hardie MJ, Malic N, Nichols PJ, Raston C Oligoethyl ether derivatives of ester functionalised nickel(II) macrocycles Tetrahedron Letters 42 8075-8080, 2001
DOI:10.1016/S0040-4039(01)01704-X

Hardie MJ, Raston CL, Salinas A A 3,12-connected vertice sharing adamantoid hydrogen bonded network featuring tetrameric clusters of cyclotriveratrylene. Chem Commun (Camb) 1850-1851, 2001
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Cave GWV, Hardie MJ, Roberts BA, Raston C A versatile six-component molecular capsule based on benign synthons - selective confinement of a heterogeneous molecular aggregate European Journal of Organic Chemistry 3227-3231, 2001
DOI:10.1002/1099-0690(200109)2001:17<3227::AID-EJOC3227>3.0.CO;2-V

Webb HR, Hardie MJ, Raston C Scandium(III) coordination polymers containing capsules based on two p-sulfonatocalix 4 arenes Chemistry a European journal 7 3616-3620, 2001

Hardie MJ, Martin A, Pinkerton AA, Zhurova EA Anisotropic thermal expansion of potassium dinitramide: a variable- temperature crystallographic study Acta Crystallographica. Section B: Structural Science 57 113-118, 2001
DOI:10.1107/S0108768100018887

Atwood JL, Barbour LJ, Hardie MJ, Raston C, Statton MN, Webb HR Hetero-bimetallic cage molecules: solvated Na2M2-(p-sulfonatocalix 4 arene) (2), M = Y, Eu Special Publication - Royal Society of Chemistry pp.4-, 2001

Atwood JL, Barbour LJ, Hardie MJ, Lygris E, Raston C, Webb HR Inclusion complexes of 18-crown-6 and (Na+subset of 2.2.2 cryptand) in C-methylcalix 4 resorcinarene-H-n, n=0, 1 Special Publication - Royal Society of Chemistry pp.10-, 2001

Hardie MJ, Raston C Crystalline hydrogen bonded complexes of o-carborane Special Publication - Royal Society of Chemistry pp.39-, 2001

Hardie MJ, Raston C Alkali metal-cyclotriveratrylene coordination polymers: inclusion of neutral C2B10H12or anionic [CB11H12]-and DMF Special Publication - Royal Society of Chemistry 1 53-58, 2001

Hardie MJ, Malic N, Raston C, Roberts BA Confinement of the ions M subset of 2.2.2 cryptand (+) and cobalt(III)bis (dicarbollide) (-) in the divergent curved surfaces of a Ni(II) macrocycle Chemical Communications 865-866, 2001
DOI:10.1039/b102140k

Hardie MJ, Malic N, Raston C, Roberts BA Confinement of the ions M subset of 2.2.2 cryptand (+) and cobalt(III)bis (dicarbollide) (-) in the divergent curved surfaces of a Ni(II) macrocycle Chemical Communications 865-866, 2001
DOI:10.1039/b102140k

Sephton KN, Hardie MJ, Atwood JL, Raston C Oxygen-center laden C2hsymmetry resorcin[4]arenes Supramolecular Chemistry 1 35-38, 2001

Hardie MJ, Raston CL Solid state supramolecular assemblies of charged supermolecules (Na[2.2.2]cryptate)(+) and anionic carboranes with host cyclotriveratrylene CHEM COMMUN 905-906, 2001

Hardie MJ, Raston CL Solid state supramolecular assemblies of charged supermolecules (Na[2.2.2]cryptate)(+) and anionic carboranes with host cyclotriveratrylene CHEM COMMUN 905-906, 2001

Hardie MJ, Raston CL Crystalline hydrogen bonded complexes of o-carborane CRYSTENGCOMM art. no.-39, 2001

Hardie MJ, Raston CL Crystalline hydrogen bonded complexes of o-carborane CRYSTENGCOMM art. no.-39, 2001

Pinkerton AA, Hardie MJ, Shaw AP, Sliwinski KA Synthesis of an unusual cage-functionalized molecular cleft Journal of Chemical Crystallography 31 135-141, 2001
DOI:10.1023/A:1014311703618

Hardie MJ, Raston CL, Wells B Altering the inclusion properties of CTV through crystal engineering: CTV, carborane, and DMF supramolecular assemblies Chemistry a European journal 6 3293-3298, 2000

Hardie MJ, Raston CL Supramolecular chemistry of anionic cobalt(III) bis(dicarbollide) and cyclotriveratrylene in the solid state and gas phase Angewandte Chemie: International Edition 39 3835-3839, 2000

Hardie MJ, Godfrey PD, Raston CL Self-assembly of grid and helical hydrogen-bonded arrays incorporating bowl-shaped receptor sites that bind globular molecules Chemistry a European journal 5 1828-1833, 1999

Drljaca A, Hardie MJ, Raston CL, Spiccia L Self-assembled superanions: ionic capsules stabilized by polynuclear chromium(III) aqua cations Chemistry a European journal 5 2295-2299, 1999

Thorp-Greenwood FL, Pritchard VE, Coogan MP, Hardie MJ Tris-rhenium fac-tricarbonyl polypridine-funtionalised cyclotriguaiacylene ligands with rich and varied emission Organometallics -,
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