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Richard Bushby

Research Professor
Member of the Crystallisation and Directed Assembly group

Contact details

Room: 4.24
Tel: +44 (0)113 3436509
Email: R.J.Bushby@leeds.ac.uk

Keywords

Self-organising systems
Discotic Liquid Crystals
Biomembranes
Self-Assembled Monolayers
High-spin polymers

Photograph of Richard Bushby

Research interests

My background and training were in Physical Organic Chemistry and initially my research concentrated on fairly traditional Physical Organic themes: carbanion ion pairs and pi-biradicals. However, as this kind of work became increasingly difficult to fund in the UK, the focus of my research shifted towards Organic Molecular Materials. Hence, most of my publications over the last forty years have been on discotic liquid crystals (synthesis, conductivity, alignment and lyotropic behaviour), on model biomembranes (electrode-bound and patterned lipid bilayers and lipid-monolayer stabilised bubbles) and on high spin polymers (mostly non-Kekulé amminium radical cation derivatives). In the late 1980s I was one of those responsible for setting up the SOMS (Self-Organising Molecular Systems) Centre of which I eventually became the Director. I am now semi-retired and based mainly in Physics. I work half time and my research is centred on lipid-stabilised microbubbles as theranostic agents (agents for imaging and treating cancer, http://microbubbles.leeds.ac.uk/) within the Leeds microbubble group and on high-spin polymers.

Publications

Pukenas L, Prompinit P, Nishitha B, Tate DJ, Singh NDP, Wälti C, Evans SD, Bushby RJ Soft Ultraviolet (UV) Photopatterning and Metallization of Self-Assembled Monolayers (SAMs) Formed from the Lipoic Acid Ester ofα-Hydroxy-1-acetylpyrene: The Generality of Acid-Catalyzed Removal of Thiol-on-Gold SAMs using Soft UV Light ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces 9 18388-18397, 2017
DOI:10.1021/acsami.7b04708
View abstract

Abou-Saleh RH, Peyman SA, Johnson BRG, Marston G, Ingram N, Bushby R, Coletta PL, Markham AF, Evans SD The influence of intercalating perfluorohexane into lipid shells on nano and microbubble stability Soft Matter 12 7223-7230, 2016
DOI:10.1039/c6sm00956e
View abstract

Mclaren SR, Tate DJ, Lozman OR, Mehl GH, Bushby RJ Stabilised columnar mesophases formed by 1 : 1 mixtures of hexaalkoxytriphenylenes with a hexaphenyltriphenylene-based polymer Journal of Materials Chemistry C 3 5754-5763, 2015
DOI:10.1039/c5tc00661a
View abstract

Ye S, Marston G, McLaughlan JR, Sigle DO, Ingram N, Freear S, Baumberg JJ, Bushby RJ, Markham AF, Critchley K, Coletta PL, Evans SD Engineering gold nanotubes with controlled length and near-infrared absorption for theranostic applications Advanced Functional Materials 25 2117-2127, 2015
DOI:10.1002/adfm.201404358
View abstract

Blakeston AC, Alswieleh AM, Heath GR, Roth JS, Bao P, Cheng N, Armes SP, Leggett GJ, Bushby RJ, Evans SD New poly(amino acid methacrylate) brush supports the formation of well-defined lipid membranes Langmuir 31 3668-3677, 2015
DOI:10.1021/la504163s
View abstract

Parry AVS, Tate DJ, Bushby RJ, Yeates SG Electrohydrodynamic jet printing for columnar discotic liquid crystal alignment and applications in organic electronics International Conference on Digital Printing Technologies 2015-January , 2015
View abstract

Zhang R, Zeng X, Kim B, Bushby RJ, Shin K, Baker PJ, Percec V, Leowanawat P, Ungar G Columnar liquid crystals in cylindrical nanoconfinement ACS Nano 9 1759-1766, 2015
DOI:10.1021/nn506605p
View abstract

Prompinit P, Achalkumar A, Walton A, Bushby R, Walti CP, Evans SD Reversible metallisation of soft UV patterned substrates Journal of Materials Chemistry C 2 5916-5923, 2014
DOI:10.1039/c4tc00464g
View abstract

Tate DJ, Abdelbasit M, Kilner CA, Shepherd HJ, Warriner SL, Bushby RJ A simple route to derivatives of benzo[j]fluoranthene Tetrahedron 70 67-74, 2014
DOI:10.1016/j.tet.2013.11.029
View abstract

Bushby RJ The pre-history of discotic liquid crystals Liquid Crystals Today -, 2014
DOI:10.1080/1358314X.2014.887508
View abstract

Bushby RJ The pre-history of discotic liquid crystals Liquid Crystals Today 23 14-17, 2014
DOI:10.1080/1358314X.2014.887508
View abstract

Cattle J, Bao P, Bramble JP, Bushby RJ, Evans SD, Lydon JE, Tate DJ Controlled planar alignment of discotic liquid crystals in microchannels made using SU8 photoresist Advanced Functional Materials 23 5997-6006, 2013
DOI:10.1002/adfm.201301613
View abstract

Al-Lawati ZH, Bushby RJ, Evans SD Alignment of a columnar hexagonal discotic liquid crystal on self-assembled monolayers Journal of Physical Chemistry C 117 7533-7539, 2013
DOI:10.1021/jp3111056
View abstract

Cattle J, Bushby RJ, Tate DJ, Bao P, Bramble JP, Evans SD, Lydon JE Controlled Planar Alignment of Discotic Liquid Crystals in Microchannels Made Using SU8 Photoresist Advanced Functional Materials 10 -, 2013
DOI:10.1002/adfm.201301613
View abstract

Tate DJ, Abdelbasit M, Kilner CA, Shepherd HJ, Warriner SL, Bushby RJ A simple route to derivatives of benzo[j]fluoranthene Tetrahedron -, 2013
DOI:10.1016/j.tet.2013.11.029
View abstract

Bao P, Cheetham MR, Roth JS, Blakeston AC, Bushby RJ, Evans SD On-chip alternating current electrophoresis in supported lipid bilayer membranes. Anal Chem 84 10702-10707, 2012
DOI:10.1021/ac302446w
View abstract

El Mansoury A, Bushby RJ, Karodia N Triphenylene-based discotic liquid crystals: Star-shaped oligomers and branched-chain polymers Liquid Crystals 39 1222-1230, 2012
DOI:10.1080/02678292.2012.707691
View abstract

Al-Lawati ZH, Alkhairalla B, Bramble JP, Henderson JR, Bushby RJ, Evans SD Alignment of discotic lyotropic liquid crystals at hydrophobic and hydrophilic self-assembled monolayers Journal of Physical Chemistry C 116 12627-12635, 2012
DOI:10.1021/jp302634r
View abstract

Cheetham MR, Bramble JP, McMillan DGG, Bushby RJ, Olmsted PD, Jeuken LJC, Evans SD Manipulation and sorting of membrane proteins using patterned diffusion-aided ratchets with AC fields in supported lipid bilayers Soft Matter 8 5459-5465, 2012
DOI:10.1039/c2sm25473e
View abstract

Tate DJ, Anemian R, Bushby RJ, Nanan S, Warriner SL, Whitaker BJ Improved syntheses of high hole mobility phthalocyanines: A case of steric assistance in the cyclo-oligomerisation of phthalonitriles BEILSTEIN JOURNAL OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY 8 120-128, 2012
DOI:10.3762/bjoc.8.14

Achalkumar AS, Bushby RJ, Evans SD Synthesis of nitrilotriacetic acid terminated tethers for the binding of His-tagged proteins to lipid bilayers and to gold TETRAHEDRON 67 6246-6251, 2011
DOI:10.1016/j.tet.2011.06.049

Cheetham MR, Bramble JP, McMillan DGG, Krzeminski L, Han X, Johnson BRG, Bushby RJ, Olmsted PD, Jeuken LJC, Marritt SJ, Butt JN, Evans SD Concentrating membrane proteins using asymmetric traps and AC electric fields. J Am Chem Soc 133 6521-6524, 2011
DOI:10.1021/ja2007615
View abstract

Bushby RJ, Kawata K Liquid crystals that affected the world: discotic liquid crystals LIQUID CRYSTALS 38 1415-1426, 2011
DOI:10.1080/02678292.2011.603262

Prompinit P, Achalkumar AS, Bramble JP, Bushby RJ, Wälti C, Evans SD Controlling liquid crystal alignment using photocleavable cyanobiphenyl self-assembled monolayers. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2 3686-3692, 2010
DOI:10.1021/am100832p
View abstract

Weiss SA, Bushby RJ, Evans SD, Jeuken LJC A study of cytochrome bo3 in a tethered bilayer lipid membrane. Biochim Biophys Acta 1797 1917-1923, 2010
DOI:10.1016/j.bbabio.2010.01.012
View abstract

Kendall JKR, Johnson BRG, Symonds PH, Imperato G, Bushby RJ, Gwyer JD, van Berkel C, Evans SD, Jeuken LJC Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy as a tool for studying ion channels in tethered bilayer lipid membranes European Cells and Materials 20 136-, 2010

Jeuken LJC, Weiss SA, Daskalakis NN, Henderson PJF, Evans SD, Bushby RJ Novel electrodes for redox-active membrane enzymes ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY 240 -, 2010

Kendall JKR, Johnson BRG, Symonds PH, Imperato G, Bushby RJ, Gwyer JD, van Berkel C, Evans SD, Jeuken LJC Effect of the structure of cholesterol-based tethered bilayer lipid membranes on ionophore activity. Chemphyschem 11 2191-2198, 2010
DOI:10.1002/cphc.200900917
View abstract

Jeuken LJC, Weiss SA, Daskalakis NN, McMillan DGG, Evans SD, Bushby RJ Novel electrochemical methods to characterise ubiquinol oxidase activity in native-like model-membrane systems BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA-BIOENERGETICS 1797 , 2010
DOI:10.1016/j.bbabio.2010.04.343

Bramble JP, Tate DJ, Revill DJ, Sheikh KH, Henderson JR, Liu F, Zeng XB, Ungar G, Bushby RJ, Evans SD Planar Alignment of Columnar Discotic Liquid Crystals by Isotropic Phase Dewetting on Chemically Patterned Surfaces ADV FUNCT MATER 20 914-920, 2010
DOI:10.1002/adfm.200902140

Han X, Achalkumar AS, Cheetham MR, Connell SDA, Johnson BRG, Bushby RJ, Evans SD A self-assembly route for double bilayer lipid membrane formation. Chemphyschem 11 569-574, 2010
DOI:10.1002/cphc.200900798

Achalkumar AS, Bushby RJ, Evans SD Cholesterol-based anchors and tethers for phospholipid bilayers and for model biological membranes SOFT MATTER 6 6036-6051, 2010
DOI:10.1039/c0sm00030b

Prompinit P, Achalkumar AS, Han XJ, Bushby RJ, Walti C, Evans SD Improved Photoreaction Yields for Soft Ultraviolet Photolithography in Organothiol Self-Assembled Monolayers J PHYS CHEM C 113 21642-21647, 2009
DOI:10.1021/jp907950c

Critchley K, Cheadle EM, Zhang H-L, Baldwin KJ, Liu Q, Cheng Y, Fukushima H, Tamaki T, Batchelder DN, Bushby RJ, Evans SD Surface plasmon Raman scattering studies of liquid crystal anchoring on liquid-crystal-based self-assembled monolayers. J Phys Chem B 113 15550-15557, 2009
DOI:10.1021/jp907497p
View abstract

Sudhakar AA, Han XJ, Connell SD, Jonson B, Bushby RJ, Evans SD COLL 373-Self-assembly route for double bilayer lipid membrane formation ABSTR PAP AM CHEM S 238 -, 2009

Han X, Achalkumar AS, Bushby RJ, Evans SD A cholesterol-based tether for creating photopatterned lipid membrane arrays on both a silica and gold surface. Chemistry 15 6363-6370, 2009
DOI:10.1002/chem.200900404
View abstract

Han XJ, Cheetham MR, Sheikh K, Olmsted PD, Bushby RJ, Evans SD Manipulation and charge determination of proteins in photopatterned solid supported bilayers INTEGR BIOL 1 205-211, 2009
DOI:10.1039/b815601h

Weiss SA, Bushby RJ, Evans SD, Henderson PJF, Jeuken LJC Characterization of cytochrome bo(3) activity in a native-like surface-tethered membrane BIOCHEM J 417 555-560, 2009
DOI:10.1042/BJ20081345

Jeuken LJ, Weiss SA, Henderson PJ, Evans SD, Bushby RJ Impedance spectroscopy of bacterial membranes: coenzyme-Q diffusion in a finite diffusion layer. Analytical Chemistry 80 9084-9090, 2008
DOI:10.1021/ac8015856
View abstract

Jeuken LJ, Weiss SA, Henderson PJ, Evans SD, Bushby RJ Impedance Spectroscopy of Bacterial Membranes: Coenzyme-Q Diffusion in a Finite Diffusion Layer. Anal Chem -, 2008
DOI:10.1021/ac8015856
View abstract

Dodd CE, Johnson BRG, Vinatier V, Bugg TDH, Bushby RJ, Jeuken LJC, Evans SD COLL 53-Peptidoglycan biosynthesis on lipid bilayers ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY 236 , 2008

Johnson BRG, Barfoot R, Sheikh K, Colyer J, Bushby RJ, Evans SD COLL 56-Actin scaffolds on supported and suspended bilayer lipid membranes ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY 236 , 2008

Dodd CE, Johnson BRG, Jeuken LJC, Bugg TDH, Bushby RJ, Evans SD Native E. coli inner membrane incorporation in solid-supported lipid bilayer membranes BIOINTERPHASES 3 , 2008
DOI:10.1116/1.2896113

Barfoot RJ, Sheikh KH, Johnson BRG, Colyer J, Miles RE, Jeuken LJC, Bushby RJ, Evans SD Minimal F-actin cytoskeletal system for planar supported phospholipid bilayers. Langmuir 24 6827-6836, 2008
DOI:10.1021/la800085n
View abstract

Han XJ, Sheikh K, Pradeep SND, Critchley K, Bushby RJ, Evans SD COLL 262-Supported bilayer lipid membranes on photopatterned self-assembled monolayers ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY 235 -, 2008

Holt LA, Bushby RJ, Evans SD, Burgess A, Seeley G A 10(6)-fold enhancement in the conductivity of a discotic liquid crystal doped with only 1% (w/w) gold nanoparticles J APPL PHYS 103 -, 2008
DOI:10.1063/1.2885722

Bushby RJ, Kilner C, Taylor N, Williams RA Antiferromagnetic spin-coupling between Mn-II and amminium radical cation ligands: Models for coordination polymer magnets POLYHEDRON 27 383-392, 2008
DOI:10.1016/j.poly.2007.09.020

Schmitt EK, Nurnabi M, Bushby RJ, Steinem C Electrically insulating pore-suspending membranes on highly ordered porous alumina obtained from vesicle spreading SOFT MATTER 4 250-253, 2008
DOI:10.1039/b716723g

Critchley K, Ducker R, Bramble JP, Zhang L, Bushby RJ, Leggett GJ, Evans SD Photo-deprotection patterning of self-assembled monolayers Journal of Experimental Nanoscience 2 279-290, 2007
DOI:10.1080/17458080701675780
View abstract

Bushby RJ, Kilner CA, Taylor N, Vale ME Disjoint and coextensive amminium radical cations: a general problem in making amminium radical cation based high-spin polymers TETRAHEDRON 63 11458-11466, 2007
DOI:10.1016/j.tet.2007.08.038

Johnson BRG, Bushby RJ, Colyer J, Evans SD Self-assembly of actin scaffolds at ponticulin containing supported phospholipid bilayers.(vol 90, pg L21, 2006) BIOPHYS J 93 704-704, 2007
DOI:10.1529/biophysj.107.0900160

Johnson BRG, Bushby RJ, Colyer J, Evans SD Erratum: Self-assembly of actin scaffolds at ponticulin containing supported phospholipid bilayers (Biophysical Journal (2006) 90, (L21-L23)) Biophysical Journal 93 704-, 2007
DOI:10.1529/biophysj.107.0900157

Jeuken LJC, Daskalakis NN, Han XJ, Sheikh K, Erbe A, Bushby RJ, Evans SD Phase separation in mixed self-assembled monolayers and its effect on biomimetic membranes SENSOR ACTUAT B-CHEM 124 501-509, 2007
DOI:10.1016/j.snb.2007.01.014

Erbe A, Bushby RJ, Evans SD, Jeuken LJC Tethered bilayer lipid membranes studied by simultaneous attenuated total reflectance infrared spectroscopy and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. J Phys Chem B 111 3515-3524, 2007
DOI:10.1021/jp0676181
View abstract

Han X, Critchley K, Zhang L, Pradeep SND, Bushby RJ, Evans SD A novel method to fabricate patterned bilayer lipid membranes. Langmuir 23 1354-1358, 2007
DOI:10.1021/la062636v
View abstract

Sheikh KH, Christenson HK, Bushby RJ, Evans SD A model system to study the insertion of cholesterol into a phospholipid monolayer. J Phys Chem B 111 379-386, 2007
DOI:10.1021/jp0636423
View abstract

Bushby RJ, Taylor N, Williams RA Ferromagnetic spin-coupling 4,4 ''-through metaterphenyl: models for high-spin polymers J MATER CHEM 17 955-964, 2007
DOI:10.1039/b612798n

Jeuken LJC, Bushby RJ, Evans SD Proton transport into a tethered bilayer lipid membrane Electrochemistry Communication 9 610-614, 2007
DOI:10.1016/j.elecom.2006.10.045
View abstract

Han XJ, Pradeep SND, Critchley K, Sheikh K, Bushby RJ, Evans SD Supported bilayer lipid membrane arrays on photopatterned self-assembled monolavers CHEM-EUR J 13 7957-7964, 2007
DOI:10.1002/chem.200700521

Critchley K, Ducker R, Bramble JP, Zhang L, Bushby RJ, Leggett GJ, Evans SD Photo-deprotection patterning of self-assembled monolayers J EXP NANOSCI 2 278-290, 2007
DOI:10.1080/17458080701675780

Borner RC, Bushby RJ, Cammidge AN Ferric chloride/methanol in the preparation of triphenylene-based discotic liquid crystals LIQ CRYST 33 1439-1442, 2006
DOI:10.1080/02678290601119617

Boden N, Borner RC, Bushby RJ, Cammidge AN, Jesudason MV The synthesis of triphenylene-based discotic mesogens - New and improved routes Liquid Crystals 33 1443-1448, 2006
DOI:10.1080/02678290601119617

Critchley K, Zhang LX, Fukushima H, Ishida M, Shimoda T, Bushby RJ, Evans SD Soft-UV photolithography using self-assembled monolayers J PHYS CHEM B 110 17167-17174, 2006
DOI:10.1021/jp0630370

Iino H, Hanna J, Bushby RJ, Movaghar B, Whitaker BJ Hopping conduction in the columnar liquid crystal phase of a dipolar discogen J APPL PHYS 100 -, 2006
DOI:10.1063/1.2219692

Lever L, Bushby RJ, Kelsall RW Modelling space-charge limited transport in discotic liquid crystals PHYSICA E 32 , 2006
View abstract

Spencelayh MJ, Cheng Y, Bushby RJ, Bugg TDH, Li J-J, Henderson PJF, O'Reilly J, Evans SD Antibiotic action and peptidoglycan formation on tethered lipid bilayer membranes. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 45 2111-2116, 2006
DOI:10.1002/anie.200504035

Jeuken LJC, Connell SD, Henderson PJF, Gennis RB, Evans SD, Bushby RJ Redox enzymes in tethered membranes. J Am Chem Soc 128 1711-1716, 2006
DOI:10.1021/ja056972u
View abstract

Johnson BRG, Bushby RJ, Colyer J, Evans SD Self-Assembly of Actin Scaffolds at Ponticulin-Containing Supported Phospholipid Bilayers Biophysical Journal 90 L21-L23, 2006
DOI:10.1529/biophysj.105.076521
View abstract

Bushby R, Fisher J, Lozman O, Lange S, Lydon J, McLaren S The stability of columns comprising alternating triphenylene and hexaphenyltriphenylene molecules: Variations in the structure of the hexaphenyltriphenylene component Liquid Crystals 33 653-664, 2006
View abstract

Lever LJM, Bushby RJ, Kelsall RW Simulation of hybrid silicon/self-organised triphenylene field effect transistors E-MRS Spring Meeting, Nice, France, 29 May-2 June 2006 , 2006

Iino H, Hanna J, Haarer D, Bushby RJ Fast electron transport in discotic columnar phases of triphenylene derivatives JPN J APPL PHYS 1 45 , 2006
View abstract

Iino H, Takayashiki Y, Hanna JI, Bushby RJ, Haarer D Fast electron transport in discotic liquid crystalline semiconductors Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering 5940 1-10, 2005
DOI:10.1117/12.616132
View abstract

Iino H, Takayashiki Y, Hanna J, Bushby RJ, Haarer D High electron mobility of 0.1 cm(2) V-1 s(-1) in the highly ordered columnar phase of hexahexylthiotriphenylene APPL PHYS LETT 87 -, 2005
DOI:10.1063/1.2128066

Lino H, Hanna J, Bushby RJ, Movaghar B, Whitaker JBC, Cook MJ Very high time-of-flight mobility in the columnar phases of a discotic liquid crystal Applied Physics Letters 87 pp.132102-, 2005
DOI:10.1063/1.2056608

Bunning JC, Donovan KJ, Bushby RJ, Lozman OR, Lu Z Electron photogeneration in a triblock co-polymer discotic liquid crystal CHEM PHYS 312 145-150, 2005
DOI:10.1016/j.chemphys.2004.11.032

Critchley K, Jeyadevan JP, Fukushima H, Ishida M, Shimoda T, Bushby RJ, Evans SD A mild photoactivated hydrophilic/hydrophobic switch. Langmuir 21 4554-4561, 2005
View abstract

Evans SD, Johnson BRG, Bushby RJ, Colyer J, Jeuken L, Miles R Membranes, scaffolds and surfaces. ABSTR PAP AM CHEM S 229 , 2005

Johnson BRG, Sheikh K, Evans SD, Colyer J, Bushby RJ Hierarchical self assembly of cytoskeletal scaffolds bound to supported phospholipid bilayers. ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY 229 , 2005

Jeuken LJC, Connell SD, Nurnabi M, O'Reilly J, Henderson PJF, Evans SD, Bushby RJ Direct electrochemical interaction between a modified gold electrode and a bacterial membrane extract. Langmuir 21 1481-1488, 2005
DOI:10.1021/la047732f
View abstract

Lever LJ, Bushby RJ, Kelsall RW A Band Transport Model for Highly Ordered Discotic Mesophases Journal of computational Electronics 4 101-104, 2005
DOI:10.1007/s10825-005-7117-6

Bushby RJ, Hamley IW, Liu QY, Lozman OR, Lydon JE Self-assembled columns of fullerene J MATER CHEM 15 4429-4434, 2005
DOI:10.1039/b509492e

Lever LJ, Kelsall RW, Bushby RJ Band transport model for discotic liquid crystals Physical Review B (Condensed Matter) 72 pp.35130-, 2005

Iino H, Takayashiki Y, Hanna J, Bushby RJ Fast ambipolar carrier transport and easy homeotropic alignment in a metal-free phthalocyanine derivative JPN J APPL PHYS 2 44 L1310-L1312, 2005
DOI:10.1143/JJAP.44.L1310

Bushby RJ, Donovan KJ, Kreouzis T, Lozman OR Molecular engineering of triphenylene-based discotic liquid crystal conductors OPTO-ELECTRON REV 13 269-279, 2005

Bushby RJ, Lozman OR, Mason AL, Taylor N, Kumar S Cyclic voltammetry studies of discotic liquid crystals Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals 410 -, 2004
DOI:10.1080/15421400490436313
View abstract

Boden N, Bushby RJ, Lozman OR, Lu Z, McNeill A, Movaghar B, Donovan K, Kreouzis T Enhanced conduction in the discotic mesophase Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals 410 -, 2004
DOI:10.1080/15421400490434324
View abstract

Lever L, Bushby RJ, Kelsall RW Electronic transport in discotic liquid crystal columns 2004 10th International Workshop on Computational Electronics, IEEE IWCE-10 2004, Abstracts 252-, 2004
View abstract

Lever LJ, Bushby RJ, Kelsall RW A Band Transport for Highly Ordered Discotic Mesophases 10th International Workshop on Computational Electronics, Purdue University, 24-27 October 2004, Journal of Computational Electronics 4 , 2004

Bushby RJ, Liu QY, Lozman OR, Lu ZB, McLaren SR New functionalised derivatives of hexaalkoxytriphenylene MOLECULAR CRYSTALS AND LIQUID CRYSTALS 411 1335-1346, 2004
DOI:10.1080/15421400490435288

Boden N, Bushby RJ, Lozman O A comparison of CPI nd charge-transfer two-component columnar phases Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals 411 1387-1395, 2004
DOI:10.1080/15421400490435378

Boden N, Bushby RJ, Lozman OR, Lu ZB, McNeill A, Movaghar B Enhanced conduction in the discotic mesophase MOL CRYST LIQ CRYST 410 541-549, 2004
View abstract

Bushby RJ, Lozman OR, Mason LA, Taylor A, Kumar S Cyclic voltammetry studies of discotic liquid crystals MOL CRYST LIQ CRYST 410 , 2004
View abstract

Scott K, Donovan KJ, Kreouzis T, Bunning JC, Bushby RJ, Boden N, Lozman OR Quantum efficiency of photogeneration in discotic liquid crystals: Part 1: Temperature and wavelength dependence Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals 397 -, 2003
DOI:10.1080/15421400390214185
View abstract

Bunning JC, Donovan KJ, Kreouzis T, Scott K, Bushby RJ, Boden N, Lozman OR Quantum efficiencies of photogeneration in discotic liquid crystals. Part 2: Electric field and temperature dependence MOL CRYST LIQ CRYST 397 563-571, 2003
View abstract

Scott K, Donovan KJ, Kreouzis T, Bunning JC, Bushby RJ, Boden N, Lozman OR Quantum efficiency of photogeneration in discotic liquid crystals: Part 1: Temperature and wavelength dependence MOL CRYST LIQ CRYST 397 553-561, 2003
View abstract

Abeysekera R, Bushby RJ, Caillet C, Hamley IW, Lozman O, Lu Z, Robards AW Discotic Liquid Crystalline Triblock Copolymers: Interplay of Liquid Crystal Architecture with Microphase Separation Macromolecules 36 1526-1533, 2003
DOI:10.1021/ma020748x

Bushby RJ Triarylmethyl and Amine Radicals In Magnetism: Molecules to Materials , 2003
DOI:10.1002/9783527620548.ch5a

Bushby RJ, Braybrook J, Vadgama P, Brown R, Goodby J, Lloyd A, McNeil S, Meenan B, Scully P Priority topics for future biomaterials development Journal of Materials Chemistry -, 2003

Bushby RJ, Lozman O, Bunning JC, Donovan KJ, Kreouzis T, Scott K Photoconducting Discotic Liquid Crystals Proceedings of SPIE - the International Society for Optical Engineering 4991 222-223, 2003

Bushby RJ, Boden N, Kilner CA, Liu Q, Lozman O, Thornton-Pett MA, Lu ZB Helical geometry and liquid crystalline properties of 2,3,6,7,10,11-hexaalkoxy-1-nitrotriphenylenes Journal of Materials Chemistry 13 470-474, 2003
DOI:10.1039/b211133k

Donovan KJ, Kreouzis T, Scott K, Bunning JC, Bushby RJ, Boden N, Lozman OR, Movaghar B Molecular engineering the phototransport properties of discotic liquid crystals MOLECULAR CRYSTALS AND LIQUID CRYSTALS 396 91-112, 2003
DOI:10.1080/15421400390213221

Boden N, Bushby RJ, Lozman OR Designing better columnar mesophases Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals 400 105-113, 2003
DOI:10.1080/15421400390243129

Bushby RJ, Lozman OR, Bunning JC, Donovan KJ, Kreouzis T, Scott K Photoconducting discotic liquid crystals P SOC PHOTO-OPT INS 4991 , 2003
View abstract

Bushby RJ, Lozman OR Photoconducting liquid crystals CURR OPIN SOLID ST M 6 569-578, 2002
DOI:10.1016/S1359-0286(03)00007-X

Bushby RJ, Lozman OR Discotic liquid crystals 25 years on Current Opinion in Colloid and Interface Science 7 343-354, 2002
DOI:10.1016/S1359-0294(02)00085-7
View abstract

Becucci L, Guidelli R, Liu Q, Bushby RJ, Yuen SD A biomimetic membrane consisting of a polyethyleneoxythiol monolayer anchored to mercury with a phospholipid bilayer on top Journal of Physical Chemistry: B 106 10410-10416, 2002
DOI:10.1021/jp020742+

Hughes RE, Hart SP, Smith DA, Movaghar B, Bushby RJ, Boden N Exciton dynamics in a one-dimensional self-assembling lyotropic discotic liquid crystal J PHYS CHEM B 106 6638-6645, 2002
DOI:10.1021/jp014028o

Wegewijs BR, Siebbeles LDA, Boden N, Bushby RJ, Movaghar B, Lozman OR, Liu Q, Pecchia A, Mason LA Charge-carrier mobilities in binary mixtures of discotic triphenylene derivatives as a function of temperature PHYS REV B 65 -, 2002
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.65.245112

Jenkins ATA, Bushby RJ, Yuen SD, Knoll W, Zhang A, Ogier SD Lipid vesicle fusion on mu CP patterned self-assembled monolayers: Effect of pattern geometry on bilayer formation Langmuir 18 3176-3180, 2002
DOI:10.1021/la011510p

Pecchia A, Lozman OR, Movaghar B, Boden N, Bushby RJ, Donovan KJ, Kreouzis T Photoconductive transients and one-dimensional charge carrier dynamics in discotic liquid crystals PHYS REV B 65 -, 2002
DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.65.104204

Bushby RJ, Yuen SD, McNeill A 0202495.8, 2002

Booth C, Bushby RJ, Cheng YL, Evans S, Liu Q, Zhang H Synthesis of novel biotin anchors Tetrahedron 57 9859-9866, 2001
DOI:10.1016/S0040-4020(01)01003-1

Lozman O, Bushby RJ, Vinter JG Complementary polytopic interactions (CPI) as revealed by molecular modelling using the XED force field Perkin 2 1446-1452, 2001

Boden N, Bushby RJ, Cooke G, Lozman OR, Lu ZB CPI: A recipe for improving applicable properties of discotic liquid crystals J AM CHEM SOC 123 7915-7916, 2001

Boden N, Bushby RJ, Lu Z, Lozman O CPI induction of liquid crystal behaviour in triphenylenes with a mixture of hydrophobic and hydrophilic side chains Liquid Crystals 28 657-662, 2001
DOI:10.1080/02678290010026304

Boden N, Bushby RJ, Lu ZB, Lozman OR CPI induction of liquid crystal behaviour in triphenylenes with a mixture of hydrophobic and hydrophilic side chains LIQ CRYST 28 657-661, 2001

Bushby RJ, Lu ZB Isopropoxy as a masked hydroxy group in aryl oxidative coupling reactions SYNTHESIS-STUTTGART 763-767, 2001

Ison SJ, Holland D, Bushby RJ Interfacial reactions between a lead borosilicate glass containing CuO and an Al/Si alloy - evidence for galvanic cells Journal of the European Ceramic Society 21 427-436, 2001
DOI:10.1016/S0955-2219(00)00192-8

Cheng YL, Bushby RJ, Evans SD, Knowles PF, Miles RE, Ogier SD Single ion channel sensitivity in suspended bilayers on micromachined supports LANGMUIR 17 1240-1242, 2001

Boden N, Bushby RJ, Liu Q, Lozman O CPI (complementary polytopic interaction) stabilized liquid crystal compounds formed by esters of 2-hydroxy-3,6,7,10,11-pentakis(hexyloxy)triphenylene Journal of Materials Chemistry 11 1612-1617, 2001
DOI:10.1039/b009060n

Bushby RJ, Evans SD, Lozman OR, McNeill A, Movaghar B Enhanced charge conduction in discotic liquid crystals Journal of Materials Chemistry 11 1982-1984, 2001
DOI:10.1039/b104112f

Ogier SD, Bushby RJ, Cheng Y, Cox TI, Evans SD, Knowles PF, Miles RE, Pattison I Lipid bilayers suspended on microfabricated supports P SOC PHOTO-OPT INS 4235 , 2001
View abstract

Boden N, Bushby RJ, Donovan KJ, Liu Q, Lu Z, Kreouzis T, Wood A 2, 3, 7, 8, 12, 13-Hexakis[2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethoxy]tricycloquinazoline: a discogen which allows enhanced levels of n-doping Liquid Crystals 28 1739-1748, 2001
DOI:10.1080/02678290110082383

Boden N, Bushby RJ, Headdock G, Lozman O, Wood A Syntheses of new \"large core\" discogens based on the triphenylene, azatriphenylene and hezabenztrinaphthylene nuclei Liquid Crystals 28 139-144, 2001
DOI:10.1080/026782901462472

Kreouzis T, Donovan KJ, Boden N, Bushby RJ, Lozman OR, Liu Q Temperature-independent hole mobility in discotic liquid crystals Journal of Chemical Physics 114 1797-1802, 2001
DOI:10.1063/1.1334958

Boden N, Bushby RJ, Lu ZB, Headdock G Synthesis of dibromotetraalkoxybiphenyls using ferric chloride TETRAHEDRON LETT 41 10117-10120, 2000

Lozman O, Bushby RJ, Boden N, Donovan KJ, Kreouzis T Temperature independent hole mobility in discotic liquid crystals Journal of Chemical Physics -, 2000

Lozman O, Boden N, Bushby RJ, Headdock G, Liu Q, Wood A International Patent Number PCT/GB00/04691. A new family of conducting liquid crystals, 2000

Arikanien EO, Boden N, Bushby RJ, Lozman O, Vinter JG, Wood A Complimentary polytopic interactions (CPI) part 1 Angewandte Chemie: International Edition 2333-2336, 2000

Kreouzis T, Scott K, Donovan KJ, Boden N, Bushby RJ, Lozman O, Liu Q Enhanced electronic transport properties in complementary binary discotic liquid crystal systems Chemical Physics 262 489-497, 2000

Bushby RJ, Lozman O, Boden N, Cooke G, Kaushal N, Lu Z Synthesis of liquid crystalline anthraquinolyl-triphenylenes Tetrahedron Letters 7955-7959, 2000

Cooke G, Kaushal N, Boden N, Bushby RJ, Lu Z, Lozman O Synthesis of liquid crystalline anthraquinolyl-triphenylenes Tetrahedron Letters 41 7955-7959, 2000

Bradshaw JP, Bushby RJ, Giles CCD, Saunders MR The orientation of the headgroup of phosphatidylinositol in a model biomembrane as determined by neutron diffraction ChemBioChem 38 8393-8401, 1999

Jenkins ATA, Boden N, Bushby RJ, Evans SD, Knowles PF, Miles RE, Ogier S, Schonherr H, Vancso GJ Microcontact Printing of Lipophilic Self-Assembled Monolayers for the Attachment of Biomimetic Lipid Bilayers to Surfaces Journal of the American Chemical Society 121 5274-5280, 1999

Boden N, Bushby RJ, Clements J, Movaghar B Device applications of charge transport in discotic liquid crystals Journal of Materials Chemistry 2081-2086, 1999
DOI:10.1039/a903005k

Boden N, Bushby RJ, Clements J, Donovan KJ, Movaghar B, Kreouzis T Charge dynamics and recombination kinetics in columnar discotic liquid crystals Physical Review B (Condensed Matter) 58 3063-3074, 1998

Cheng YL, Boden N, Bushby RJ, Clarkson S, Evans SD, Knowles PF, Marsh A, Miles RE Attenuated Total Reflection Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopic Characterization of Fluid Lipid Bilayers Tethered to Solid Supports Langmuir 14 839-844, 1998

Boden N, Bushby RJ, Clements J, Movaghar B Electron transport across metal/discotic liquid crystal interfaces Journal of Applied Physics 83 3207-3216, 1998

Boden N, Bushby RJ, Lu, ZB A rational synthesis of polyacrylates with discogenic side groups Liquid Crystals 25 47-58, 1998
DOI:10.1080/026782998206489

Jenkins ATA, Bushby RJ, Boden N, Evans SD, Knowles PF, Liu Q, Miles RE, Ogier SD Ion-selective Lipid Bilayers Tethered to Microcontact Printed Self-Assembled Monolayers Containing Cholesterol Derivatives Langmuir 14 4675-4678, 1998

Bushby RJ, McGill DR, Ng KM, Taylor N p-Doped high-spin polymers1 Journal of Materials Chemistry 7 2343-2354, 1997

Williams LM, Evans SD, Flynn TM, Marsh A, Knowles PF, Bushby RJ, Boden N The Kinetics of the Unrolling of Small Unilamellar Phospholipid Vesicles onto Self-Assembled Monolayers Langmuir 13 751-757, 1997